proteolysis


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proteolysis

 [pro″te-ol´ĭ-sis]
the splitting of proteins by hydrolysis of the peptide bonds, with formation of smaller polypeptides.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

pro·te·ol·y·sis

(prō'tē-ol'i-sis),
The decomposition of protein; primarily via the hydrolysis of peptide bonds, both enzymatically and nonenzymatically.
[proteo- + G. lysis, dissolution]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

proteolysis

(prō′tē-ŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
n.
The hydrolytic breakdown of proteins into peptides and amino acids, as occurs during digestion.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

pro·te·ol·y·sis

(prō'tē-ol'i-sis)
The decomposition of protein; primarily through hydrolysis of peptide bonds, both enzymatically and nonenzymatically.
[proteo- + G. lysis, dissolution]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

proteolysis

the splitting of protein molecules by the HYDROLYSIS of their PEPTIDE BONDS.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The liberation of free amino acids is the end product of proteolysis of muscle protein in fermented sausage (Sun et al., 2009).
Farkye and Fox [35] stated that for the most of the semihard and hard cheeses, the proteolysis process is commonly used as a ripening index.
Moreover, the gradient was higher at the end of the shelf life period than at the beginning, as a possible consequence of spatial differences in proteolysis' kinetics caused by gradients into the cheese geometry.
Two-way ANOVA was used to analyze the time-dependent proteolysis in C2C12 and cardiomyocytes.
Activation of Calpain by Thrombin Stimulation Promotes a-Spectrin Proteolysis. Spectrin, an extended rod-shaped tetramer composed of two [alpha] and two [beta] subunits, forms a cytoskeletal meshwork with actin and other accessory proteins lining the cytoplasmic surface of most cell membranes, thus providing a mechanism for restricting the free diffusion of transmembrane proteins [35].
In silico analysis showed that those peptides (Table 2) have putative biological activities, including antihypertensive, antioxidants, inhibitor of cell cycle (anticarcinogenic), antithrombotic, opioid, inhibitor of enzymes, activator of proteolysis, metabolic stimulant, and metabolic regulator.
Proteolysis is a major factor in reducing silage protein utilization and efforts to reduce proteolysis should enhance silage protein utilization.
In the present study, the most enriched category of BP affected by anethole was "Proteolysis" and those of BPs by garlic contained 8 processes related with "Catabolic processes" (Table 1).
Change in optical density through proteolysis by cultures was measured by OPA method.
Matsumura et al., "Hair follicle aging is driven by transepidermal elimination of stem cells via COL17A1 proteolysis," Science, 2016; 351 (6273): aad4395 DOI: 10.1126/science.aad4395
Proteolysis has a special role in the process of inflammation, which initiates a cascade mechanism of universal non-specific activation of proteolytic enzymes on the local and systemic levels.
According to the literature, the average molecule resulting from amplification of proteolysis can be adsorbed on the erythrocyte, enabling the figure to assess the degree of endogenous intoxication.