proteinuria


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proteinuria

 [pro″te-nu´re-ah]
an excess of serum proteins in the urine, such as in renal disease, after strenuous exercise, or in dehydration.
accidental proteinuria (adventitious proteinuria) proteinuria due not to a kidney disease but to some other condition such as hemorrhage in the urinary tract; called also false proteinuria.
athletic proteinuria effort proteinuria.
dietetic proteinuria (digestive proteinuria) functional proteinuria produced by the eating of certain foods.
effort proteinuria functional proteinuria occurring as a result of vigorous and prolonged exercise of the lower limbs; called also athletic proteinuria.
false proteinuria adventitious proteinuria.
functional proteinuria any proteinuria that is not due to renal disease, such as the transient proteinuria of pregnancy, effort proteinuria, and orthostatic proteinuria.
glomerular proteinuria the most common kind of proteinuria, being due to glomerular disease and abnormal permeability of the glomerular capillaries to protein.
orthostatic proteinuria a form of functional proteinuria, usually seen between the ages of ten and twenty, that occurs on standing erect and disappears on lying down.
overflow proteinuria that due to hemoglobin, myoglobin, or immunoglobulin loss into the urine due to excessive amounts in the bloodstream, such as in multiple myeloma; it is not usually associated with glomerular or tubular disease.
tubular proteinuria proteinuria due to excretion of proteins of low molecular weight such as immunoglobulins, which normally should be reabsorbed.

pro·tein·u·ri·a

(prō-tēn-yu'rē-ă),
1. Presence of urinary protein in amounts exceeding 0.3 g in a 24-hour urine collection or in concentrations more than 1 g per liter (1+ to 2+ by standard turbidometric methods) in a random urine collection on two or more occasions at least 6 hours apart; specimens must be clean, voided midstream, or obtained by catheterization.
2. Synonym(s): albuminuria
[protein + G. ouron, urine]

proteinuria

(prōt′n-o͝or′ē-ə, -yo͝or′-, prō′tē-no͝or′-, -nyo͝or′-)
n.
The presence of excessive amounts of protein in the urine.

proteinuria

Nephrology The excretion of excessive (> 5 mg/dL) protein in the urine; normally, about 150 mg/day of protein is lost in the urine,13 is albumin,13 is Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein; the rest is divided among actively secreted proteins–eg, retinol binding proteins, β2-microglobulin, Ig light chains and lysozyme; in absence of disease, large proteins are retained due to their size, while the smaller proteins are actively resorbed; proteinuria is most often caused by kidney disease, due to glomerular defects, and defective renal tubular resorption, and most often detected by screening with reagent strip–dipstick. See Functional proteinuria, Overflow proteinuria.
Proteinuria, severity
Severe ≥ 1.0 g/dL, due to glomerulonephritis, nephrotic syndrome, lupus nephritis, amyloidosis
Moderate ≥ 0.2 g/dL, ≤ 1.0 g/dL, due to CHF, drugs, acute infections, myeloma, chemical toxins
Mild 0.05-0.2 g/dL, due to polycystic kidneys, pyelonephritis, renal tubular defects
Proteinuria, patterns
Glomerular pattern Due to a loss of fixed negative charge on the glomerular capillary wall, allowing albumin and other large (≥ 68 kD) molecules to leak into Bowman's space–eg, in glomerulonephritis and nephrotic syndrome Lab ↓ albumin, antithrombin, transferrin, prealbumin, α1-acid glycoprotein, α1-antitrypsin
Hemodynamic pattern Due to rheostatic changes in the body, causing a loss of 20 to 68 kD molecules, seen in transient proteinuria, CHF, fever, seizures, excess exercise.
Overflow pattern Due to tissue/cell destruction that overwhelms renal capacity to excrete certain proteins–eg, Bence-Jones proteinuria and myoglobinuria
Tubular pattern Due to renal tubular dysfunction with loss of normally filtered low molecular weight (≤ 40 kD) molecules Lab ↓ β2-microglobulin and lysozyme–eg, Fanconi syndrome, Wilson's disease, interstitial nephritis, antibiotic-induced injury and heavy metal intoxication  

pro·tei·nu·ri·a

(prō'tē-nyūr'ē-ă)
1. Presence of urinary protein in concentrations greater than 0.3 g in a 24-hour urine collection or in concentrations greater than 1 g/L in a random urine collection on two or more occasions at least 6 hours apart; specimens must be clean-voided midstream (i.e., clean catch) or obtained by catheterization.
2. Synonym(s): albuminuria.
[protein + G. ouron, urine]

proteinuria

The passage of more than minimal amounts of protein in the urine. This usually indicates kidney disease, such as GLOMERULONEPHRITIS or the NEPHROTIC SYNDROME, but may also occur in MYELOMATOSIS or other conditions in which the amount of protein in the blood is excessive.

Proteinuria

The presence of protein in the urine exceeding normal levels.

pro·tei·nu·ri·a

(prō'tē-nyūr'ē-ă)
Presence of urinary protein in amounts exceeding 0.3 g in a 24-hour urine collection or in concentrations more than 1 g per liter (1+ to 2+ by standard turbidometric methods) in a random urine collection on two or more occasions at least 6 hours apart; specimens must be clean, voided midstream, or obtained by catheterization.
[protein + G. ouron, urine]
References in periodicals archive ?
Dipstick positive proteinuria, albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) and a reduced eGFR have all been linked with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality.
Occurrence of epidemic hemorrhagic fever in Osaka city: first cases found in Japan with characteristic feature of marked proteinuria. Biken J.
In 2 of our patients, we stopped the TCZ treatment due to normalization of proteinuria in 1, and stabilization of renal function in the other.
The food sensitivity in celiac disease may also cause immune dysregulation by over expressing various interleukins, cytokines and nuclear kappa B pathway and result in overactive response against podocytes resulting in proteinuria [12, 13].
The search strategies included 'diabetic proteinuria, diabetic microalbuminuria, diabetic albuminuria, diabetic kidney disease, diabetic renal dysfunction, diabetic renal disease, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic complications, and diabetic mellitus, combined with HP.' Relevant English or Chinese studies were searched on online databases before 2018, including PubMed, the Cochrane library, Medline, Google Scholar, the China National Infrastructure, and Wanfang database.
The presence or absence of proteinuria is currently the only difference diagnostically.
This causes podocyte loss and breach of the filtration barrier, which leads to proteinuria, the hallmark of progressive kidney diseases such as FSGS.
The reason for the repeated biopsy was an increase in proteinuria in 9 patients (53%), SLE flare with abnormal urine analysis in 5 patients (29.4%) and an increase in serum creatinine in 3 patients (17.6%).
Como dato importante describen hipoacusia neurosensorial izquierda de causa no clara; no fue evaluado en su evolucion por reumatologia dada la mejoria espontanea de lesiones en la piel y ausencia de otros sintomas sugestivos de vasculitis, se llevan a cabo estudios de importancia durante el seguimiento de proteinas en orina de 24 horas (11 y 23 mg/[m.sup.2]/hora), uroanalisis sin hematuria, complemento serico sin alteraciones (C3 151,7 m/dL [90-180 mg/dL] C4 35 mg/dL [10-40]), anticuerpos antinucleares (ANAs) negativos por proteinuria persistente y sus antecedentes.
A total of 97.37% of the patients were having proteinuria and 81.58% were having the either complaint of gross haematuria or they had microscopic haematuria.