kinase(redirected from protein k's)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
1. a subclass of the transferases, comprising the enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a high-energy group from a donor (usually ATP) to an acceptor, and named, according to the acceptor, as creatine kinase, fructokinase, etc.
2. an enzyme that activates a zymogen, named, according to its source, such as enterokinase, streptokinase, etc.
1. Enzyme that catalyzes conversion of a proenzyme to an active one (for example, enteropeptidase [enterokinase]). Important in salvage and recycling of nucleotides. Some antiviral agents work by inactivating viral or tumor kinases
2. Suffix attached to some enzymes to indicate transformation.
kinase(kī′nās′, -nāz′, kĭn′ās′, -āz′)
Any of various enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a phosphate group from a donor, such as ADP or ATP, to an acceptor protein. Kinases regulate many essential cellular processes.
1. An enzyme catalyzing the conversion of a proenzyme to an active enzyme.
2. An enzyme catalyzing the transfer of phosphate groups to form triphosphates (e.g., adenosine triphosphate).