protein energy malnutrition


Also found in: Acronyms.

pro·tein en·er·gy mal·nu·tri·tion

(PEM) (prō'tēn en'ĕr-jē mal'nū-trish'ŭn)
A deficiency of protein, energy, or both that includes marasmus (or chronic PEM) and kwashiorkor (typically, acute PEM).
Synonym(s): protein kcalorie malnutrition.
References in periodicals archive ?
In summary, our study indicates a difference between subgroups of protein energy malnutrition (PEM) concerning malaria parasitaemia and suggests a protective effect of kwashiorkor.
Bhutia, "Protein energy malnutrition in India: the plight of our under five children," Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, vol.
Patients with severe protein energy malnutrition (PEM), the result of inadequate calorie or protein intake, have usually lost more than 20 per cent of their body weight.
KEY WORDS: Malnutrition, Protein energy malnutrition, IGg antibodies, Polio.
Risk factors for severe protein energy malnutrition in children less than 5 years of age (hospital based study).
In cirrhotic patients, liver failure causes both decreased protein synthesis and enhanced protein breakdown, which together with anorexia and reduced food intake can lead to severe protein energy malnutrition (PEM) and limit the capacity for regeneration and functional recovery of the liver [3].
In view of the reduced antioxidant defense capacity and the presence of increased oxidant stress, strategies should be developed to strengthen the antioxidant system of children with protein energy malnutrition, so as to prevent further damage.
The most common and significant nutrient deficiencies are iodine and iron deficiency and protein energy malnutrition, particularly affecting women and children.
Protein energy malnutrition sends more preschool children to premature graves here, than in Bangladesh, India or Pakistan, the World Bank and Asian Development Bank confirm in their joint report "Early Childhood Development." Lack of micronutrients saps intelligence quotients.
[5.] Scheinfeld NS and A Mokashi Protein energy malnutrition. Emedicine article updated Jan 2010.