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Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.


n that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another; an obligation.
References in periodicals archive ?
A country generally levies a revenue tariff at a lower rate than a protective tariff.
Randolph supported General Andrew Jackson of Tennessee in the 1824 and 1828 presidential elections to challenge the creation of a Bank of the United States and the concept of protective tariffs to guard America's "infant industries" from foreign competition.
In November, Egypt's ministry of industry and foreign trade declared that protective tariffs on imported steel rebars would temporarily be applied at a rate of 6.
Indeed, Clay, who would dominate American politics for the next 30 years, elaborated a neo-Hamiltonian political program that he dubbed "the American System": a national bank to stabilize currency and credit, protective tariffs to grow nascent American industries, and infrastructure improvements to promote internal development.
The carmakers appealed to Kha-menehi who responded with his support for protective tariffs.
Ex-colonial powers, collectively represented by the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and now joined by the European Union, offer loans under conditions such as the privatisation of utilities, opening markets to competition from foreigner companies and disallowing existing protective tariffs by the ex-colony.
Another key item for developing countries is the special safeguard mechanism (SSM) that allows countries to impose protective tariffs in case of a surge in imports of a particular agricultural product.
The main underlying position that demolishes the myth of capitalist free trade and its supposed successes with globalization is that all the current wealthy countries achieved their wealth not through free trade, but through the use of highly protective tariffs and effective use of subsidies and laws that regulated foreign business within their own country.
He points to rice, the staple diet of the vast majority of Haitians, stating that the reduction of protective tariffs on imported rice and the absence of state support for rice farmers in recent decades have already taken their toll.
Encouragement of iron production in the Urals and armaments factories at Tula were soon followed by protective tariffs in 1724.
Before, domestically made goods couldn't compete with cheaper foreign imports after privatizations, economic deregulation and the end of protective tariffs.
7) In the United States, industries that produce goods for export, such as the farming industry, are willing to lobby against industries seeking protective tariffs, such as the steel industry.