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Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.


n that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another; an obligation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Whatever future Confederate Virginians faced without war, the experiences of the Union blockade intensified support for a more protective tariff.
Favorable trade balances, represented by a high value of real net exports, suggest that producers benefit from foreign [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE 4 OMITTED] commerce and will have less incentive to demand protective tariffs.
In general, Carey believed in laissezfaire capitalism but favored a protective tariff for American industries.
The WEF's ideological direction was best spelled out by 2017 keynote speaker, Chinese premier Xi Jinping, who against the backdrop of populism, isolationism, protective tariffs, free trade zones and Brexit, boldly made out a case for his One Belt, One Road vision,emphasizing globalisation, connectivity, economic linkages and environmental safety, which would prove a boon for less developed countries participating in the venture.
Indeed, currency devaluation and protective tariffs not only harm developing nations, as they are "deprived of trade as a way to improve their lot," but also decreases efficiency for the world at large.
With 200,000 workers in Turin alone, the protective tariffs kept Fiat humming along until the EU opened up the European markets.
Henry Clay of Kentucky was a major force in Congress for decades, and he promoted his "American System" of high protective tariffs combined with infrastructure spending.
After a 200 day period, if it was proved that imports do have a negative effect on local steel producers, the decision to keep protective tariffs will be extended for two to three years and the percentage of the protection fees will increase by 10 to 15%.
In December, the ministry imposed temporary protective tariffs on imported steel at a rate of 6.
One unintended outcome of such cash transfers, Moyo said, as well as of protective tariffs imposed on imported crops, is a growing "schism" between developed and developing economies.
The association has specifically called for the lifting of the European sugar quota and a lowering the EU's protective tariffs.