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A device of sturdy material used to support or hold something in place.
A metal or rubber device inserted between the jaws to maintain the mouth in an open position. Synonym: bite block
propclinical padding/orthodigital materials infilling the plantar hollow of lesser toe/s, to improve toe function; Table 1
|Digital pads||Plantar bar/long prop||SCF pad formed to infill the plantar aspect of the shanks of lesser toes, in order to prevent/reduce overcontraction of one or more lesser toes|
|Dorsal bar||SCF pad formed to infill the dorsal aspects of one or more hammered or retracted lesser toes, to reduce trauma to the skin overlying the prominent interphalangeal joints|
|Dorsoplantar splint||SCF pad made as a combination of the plantar and dorsal bars, to correct digital deformity/reduce trauma to the apices and dorsa of lesser toes|
|Interdigital wedge||SCF or foam (plain, cavitied or holed) pad formed to match the dimensions of the interdigital space to reduce reformation of an interdigital heloma molle|
|Dorsal proximal/distal/apical/interdigital crescent||A crescent-shaped pad applied proximal/distal to the dorsal/apical/interdigital area of a hyperkeratotic lesion on a digit, to reduce local pressure and friction|
|Dorsal horseshoe||A horseshoe-shaped pad, where the ‘arms’ of the horseshoe cover the dorsal aspects of toes adjacent to the digit affected by a corn, and the U acts in the same manner as a crescent pad to protect the lesion|
|Plantar metatarsal pads||Plantar cover||A pad that covers the plantar skin of the forefoot, from the webbing to a line approximately 1cm distal to the bases of the metatarsals|
|U'd plantar cover||A plantar cover into which a U has been cut to deflect pressure away from a plantar lesion. The U may be infilled with cushioning material|
|Winged plantar cover||A plantar cover into which semicircular cutouts have been made, to deflect pressure from the 1 and/or 5 MTPJs|
|Plantar metatarsal pad||A pad applied to the 2/3/4 metatarsals, the distal limit of which applies pressure to the 2/3/4 metatarsal heads so that the 2/3/4 MTPJs are extended and the 2/3/4 toes realigned into a more functional position; the pad will also reduce compression between adjacent metatarsal heads|
|Plantar bar||A pad similar to a plantar cover, the distal limit of which had been shaped to accommodate up to 5 U'd areas|
|Shaft pad/long shaft pad||A pad applied to an individual metatarsal to allow sagittal-plane realignment|
|A pad that is shaped to infill the plantar aspect of the medial longitudinal arch to reduce excessive pronation or ease the pain of foot strain|
|Hallux valgus oval||An oval pad, with or without a central cavity or hole, that is applied to the medial aspect of the 1 MTPJ to reduce local shear stresses in cases of HAV|
|Heel pad||A pad shaped to the plantar aspect of the heel, to cushion or reduce pressure to a plantar bursitis or heel spur|
|Posterior heel pad||A pad designed to deflect pressure from the posterior lateral area of the heel, in cases with Haglund's deformity|
|A circular pad with a central cavity or hole applied to the plantar aspect of the heel to protect the point of insertion of the plantar fascia|
|Cobra pad||A pad that combines a medial heel wedge, a valgus filler and a medial forefoot pad, to reduce excess foot pronation|
|Dumbbell pad||A pad that combines the action of a shaft pad to dorsiflex an individual metatarsal head, and an interdigital wedge, to reduce friction and pressure at the depth of the interdigital sulcus|
|Achilles tendon pad||A pad applied to the posterior aspect of the heel, to reduce pressure and friction at the insertion of the tendo Achilles|
SCF, semicompressed felt; MTPJ, metatarsophalangeal joint; HAV, hallux abductovalgus.
n a device inserted between the jaws to maintain an open position of the mandible.
prop, ratchet type,
n a device placed in one side of the oral cavity that is used to keep the oral cavity of a patient open while work is performed on the other side. It can be set to various positions.