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medicine

 [med´ĭ-sin]
1. any drug or remedy.
2. the art and science of the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
3. the nonsurgical treatment of disease.
alternative medicine see complementary and alternative medicine.
aviation medicine the branch of medicine that deals with the physiologic, medical, psychologic, and epidemiologic problems involved in flying.
ayurvedic medicine the traditional medicine of India, done according to Hindu scriptures and making use of plants and other healing materials native to India.
behavioral medicine a type of psychosomatic medicine focused on psychological means of influencing physical symptoms, such as biofeedback or relaxation.
clinical medicine
1. the study of disease by direct examination of the living patient.
2. the last two years of the usual curriculum in a medical college.
complementary medicine (complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)) a large and diverse set of systems of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention based on philosophies and techniques other than those used in conventional Western medicine, often derived from traditions of medical practice used in other, non-Western cultures. Such practices may be described as alternative, that is, existing as a body separate from and as a replacement for conventional Western medicine, or complementary, that is, used in addition to conventional Western practice. CAM is characterized by its focus on the whole person as a unique individual, on the energy of the body and its influence on health and disease, on the healing power of nature and the mobilization of the body's own resources to heal itself, and on the treatment of the underlying causes, rather than symptoms, of disease. Many of the techniques used are the subject of controversy and have not been validated by controlled studies.
emergency medicine the medical specialty that deals with the acutely ill or injured who require immediate medical treatment. See also emergency and emergency care.
experimental medicine study of the science of healing diseases based on experimentation in animals.
family medicine family practice.
forensic medicine the application of medical knowledge to questions of law; see also medical jurisprudence. Called also legal medicine.
group medicine the practice of medicine by a group of physicians, usually representing various specialties, who are associated together for the cooperative diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
internal medicine the medical specialty that deals with diagnosis and medical treatment of diseases and disorders of internal structures of the body.
legal medicine forensic medicine.
nuclear medicine the branch of medicine concerned with the use of radionuclides in diagnosis and treatment of disease.
patent medicine a drug or remedy protected by a trademark, available without a prescription.
physical medicine physiatry.
preclinical medicine the subjects studied in medicine before the student observes actual diseases in patients.
preventive medicine the branch of medical study and practice aimed at preventing disease and promoting health.
proprietary medicine any chemical, drug, or similar preparation used in the treatment of diseases, if such article is protected against free competition as to name, product, composition, or process of manufacture by secrecy, patent, trademark, or copyright, or by other means.
psychosomatic medicine the study of the interrelations between bodily processes and emotional life.
socialized medicine a system of medical care regulated and controlled by the government; called also state medicine.
space medicine the branch of aviation medicine concerned with conditions encountered by human beings in space.
sports medicine the field of medicine concerned with injuries sustained in athletic endeavors, including their prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.
state medicine socialized medicine.
travel medicine (travelers' medicine) the subspecialty of tropical medicine consisting of the diagnosis and treatment or prevention of diseases of travelers.
tropical medicine medical science as applied to diseases occurring primarily in the tropics and subtropics.
veterinary medicine the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of animals other than humans.

proprietary

/pro·pri·e·tary/ (-pri´ĕ-tar″e)
1. protected against free competition as to name, composition, or manufacturing process by patent, trademark, copyright, or other means.
2. a medicine so protected.

proprietary

(prə-prī′ĭ-tĕr′ē)
adj.
1. Privately owned, as a business: a proprietary hospital.
2. Owned by a private individual or corporation under a trademark or patent: a proprietary drug.
n. pl. proprietar·ies
A proprietary medicine.

pro·pri′e·tar′i·ly adv.

proprietary

[-prī′əter′ē]
Etymology: L, proprietas, property
1 pertaining to an institution or other organization that is operated for profit.
2 pertaining to a product, such as a drug or device, that is made for profit.

proprietary

1. Privately or exclusively owned, as of the right to manufacture and sell a particular drug or to use a particular drug name.
2. Patented for production by one company only.

proprietary (prōprī´əterē),

adj controlled by a private interest; protected by patent, trademark, or copyright.
proprietary name,
n a brand name registered with the U.S. Patent Office under which the manufacturer markets his product. Also known as
brand name or
trade name.
References in periodicals archive ?
7 million taxpayers filed nonfarm sole proprietorship returns (Schedule C-EZ), marking a 2.
With the increase in the percentage of the managerial proprietorship, the amount of conservatism in the financial reports reduces.
The members can select how they want the entity to be taxed: as a corporation, partnership, or sole proprietorship.
When a single business owner desires the simplest tax treatment and does not want to incur the legal expense and deal with the formalities of forming a business under state law, a sole proprietorship may be appropriate.
Nationwide, the number of sole proprietorships rose 1.
This case demonstrates how a sole proprietorship can both obtain tax benefits and provide health benefits for family members.
Sole proprietorship -- This is the simplest business organization -- one individual owns and controls the entire business.
As explained below, the IRS can reclassify a spousal sole proprietorship as a partnership if both spouses work in the business and the spouses fail to establish that the lower-earning spouse is an employee rather than a partner.
The prices for proprietorship vary depending on age,location -and whether or not you are a minister of religion.
The keystone of a married wo man's legal status, in Guzzerti's analysis, was her dowry, her proprietorship of which the Venetian statutes, in marked contrast to those of Florence, carefully protected.
Replaced by Dutch Prince William of Orange and his wife Mary, the British crown reverted to Protestant control once again and the Baltimore proprietorship was again overturned with a local revolution.
The present study focuses on the impact of tax changes during the 1980s on sole proprietorship activity.