prophylactic mastectomy


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prophylactic mastectomy

Surgical oncology Bilateral mastectomy in a ♀ at high risk–eg, with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations and breast CA in 1st-degree relatives, to ↓ CA risk. See Prophylactic oophorectomy, Radical mastectomy.

prophylactic mastectomy

The removal of one or both breasts in an attempt to prevent the development of breast cancer. Surgical removal of the breasts to prevent breast cancer is sometimes used by women with a BRCA gene or a strong history of breast cancer in first-degree relatives. Synonym: preventive m
See also: mastectomy
References in periodicals archive ?
Prophylactic mastectomy for the prevention of breast cancer: Review of the literature.
"Society of Surgical Oncology: Position Statement on Prophylactic Mastectomy. Approved by the Society of Surgical Oncology Executive Council, March 2007." Annals of Surgical Oncology 14 (9): 2425-7.
Both prophylactic mastectomy type of surgery and the indication for SLNB were indicated by the Breast Cancer Committee (including dedicated radiologists, medical oncologists, and surgeons).
Operative risks associated with contralateral prophylactic mastectomy: a single institution experience.
Surveillance of prophylactic mastectomy: Trends in use from 1995 to 2005.
Bilateral prophylactic mastectomy reduces breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers: the PROSE study group.
Additionally, hundreds of other women at very high risk of breast cancer will undergo a prophylactic mastectomy, or removal of their breasts to prevent breast cancer.
Efficacy of prophylactic mastectomy in women with unilate ral breast cancer: a cancer research network project.
The usage of MRI scanning has also increased the rate of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM).
"The favorable overall survival in all high-risk groups reported suggests that careful MRI screening is not only superior to mammography alone, but may be an attractive alternative to risk-reducing prophylactic mastectomy for some women."
For these women, doctors may recommend prophylactic mastectomy and oophorectomy, or removal of the ovaries--even before there is any sign of cancer.
For younger women with a heightened risk of breast cancer, the vaccine may be an option to consider instead of prophylactic mastectomy.

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