for the prevention of breast cancer: Review of the literature.
"Society of Surgical Oncology: Position Statement on Prophylactic Mastectomy
. Approved by the Society of Surgical Oncology Executive Council, March 2007." Annals of Surgical Oncology 14 (9): 2425-7.
Both prophylactic mastectomy
type of surgery and the indication for SLNB were indicated by the Breast Cancer Committee (including dedicated radiologists, medical oncologists, and surgeons).
Operative risks associated with contralateral prophylactic mastectomy
: a single institution experience.
Surveillance of prophylactic mastectomy
: Trends in use from 1995 to 2005.
Bilateral prophylactic mastectomy
reduces breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers: the PROSE study group.
Additionally, hundreds of other women at very high risk of breast cancer will undergo a prophylactic mastectomy
, or removal of their breasts to prevent breast cancer.
The usage of MRI scanning has also increased the rate of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy
"The favorable overall survival in all high-risk groups reported suggests that careful MRI screening is not only superior to mammography alone, but may be an attractive alternative to risk-reducing prophylactic mastectomy
for some women."
For these women, doctors may recommend prophylactic mastectomy
and oophorectomy, or removal of the ovaries--even before there is any sign of cancer.
For younger women with a heightened risk of breast cancer, the vaccine may be an option to consider instead of prophylactic mastectomy