prophylactic antibiotic

pro·phy·lac·tic an·ti·bi·ot·ic

(prōfi-laktik antē-bī-otik)
Medication given to prevent an infection; may be administered before dental procedures to patients with cardiac valvular disease or implanted prostheses.
Synonym(s): antibiotic prophylaxis.
References in periodicals archive ?
daggar] Of these, 696 (71%) were examined: 113 (11%) had syphilis and were treated, and 547 (56%) were given prophylactic antibiotic treatment.
All patients who underwent Lichtenstein mesh hernioplasty and had received only one dose of prophylactic antibiotic were included in the study.
Although the role of preoperative and postoperative antibiotic therapy has proven to and intra-abdominal septic complications after selected potentially contaminated operations, the role of such prolong prophylactic antibiotic therapy has not been adequately established to be beneficial in patients undergoing appendicectomies for acute non-perforated appendicitis10,11.
The American Academy of Pediatrics in 1997 recommended prophylactic antibiotic treatment of all at-risk infants whereas Lopez in 2001 recommended against it.
Conventional wisdom has been that evidence of VUR, which is found in 30%-40% of children with UTI, warrants prophylactic antibiotic treatment to prevent recurrent infection and subsequent kidney damage, he said.
Prophylactic antibiotic therapy with levofloxacin is routine for at-risk adult ALL patients, but it has remained controversial in children, Wolf said.
All of the patiens had used prophylactic antibiotic (Cefazolin) before the procedure.
5] As controversy still surrounds the routine use of prophylactic antibiotics in elective LC, this study is being conducted with the aim of investigating the necessity and testing the efficacy of Cefazolin (triple dose) as a prophylactic antibiotic to prevent postoperative infective complications in low-risk patients undergoing LC.
Association between the pattern of prophylactic antibiotic use and surgical site infection rate for major surgeries in Korea.
Lower rates of infection may be due to an addition of a prophylactic antibiotic to the protocol, but this may come at a price.
Most studies associate increased incidence of EVD-related infections with lack of sterility, catheter duration, number of EVDs used, catheter-type EVDs, lack of prophylactic antibiotic use, colonisation and systemic infection.
Only one form of antibiotic prophylaxis was used [in the study]; therefore, the effectiveness of other prophylactic antibiotic strategies remains untested.