prophylactic antibiotic

pro·phy·lac·tic an·ti·bi·ot·ic

(prōfi-laktik antē-bī-otik)
Medication given to prevent an infection; may be administered before dental procedures to patients with cardiac valvular disease or implanted prostheses.
Synonym(s): antibiotic prophylaxis.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
"Pregnancy-associated infection is a major cause of death and serious illness…Our results show this could be reduced by almost half by a single dose of prophylactic antibiotic."
Efficacy of postoperative prophylactic antibiotic therapy in third molar surgery.
As of the last follow-up, those six patients were no longer receiving CGD-related prophylactic antibiotic treatment.
Routine prophylactic antibiotic use both systemically or intra-nasally, or routine testing of every patient coming for endoscopic nasal surgery is not warranted, according to current research outcomes.
These patterns contradict current recommendations for appropriate prophylactic antibiotic use.
[5] As controversy still surrounds the routine use of prophylactic antibiotics in elective LC, this study is being conducted with the aim of investigating the necessity and testing the efficacy of Cefazolin (triple dose) as a prophylactic antibiotic to prevent postoperative infective complications in low-risk patients undergoing LC.
Routine history and the basic pre-operative investigations for all the patients were recorded in case record form which also included pre- and post-operative hospital stay; the use of prophylactic antibiotic and their timing (pre-operative and/or post-operative); data regarding surgery like, type of surgery (emergency/elective), type of anesthesia, surgery performed by senior consultant or junior doctor.
Lower rates of infection may be due to an addition of a prophylactic antibiotic to the protocol, but this may come at a price.
Most studies associate increased incidence of EVD-related infections with lack of sterility, catheter duration, number of EVDs used, catheter-type EVDs, lack of prophylactic antibiotic use, colonisation and systemic infection.
Patients were operated by specialist registrar and Group A was given single dose of prophylactic antibiotic while group B was given multiple doses.
84.5% of the patients were using prophylactic antibiotic including mainly co-trimoxazole.
As of today, 162 contact persons stay under the supervision of physicians, they are receiving prophylactic antibiotic therapy.