propatagium

propatagium

the web of skin that makes up the wing membrane of birds in front of the elbow and that stretches from shoulder to carpus.
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The propatagium is a double fold of skin (both dorsally and ventrally) that has numerous ligaments throughout its surface and a complex of muscles, (5) referred to here as the tensor propatagialis muscle (although it may consist of up to 3 different muscles).
The present report describes the tearing injury of patagial tendon, bicep muscle and propatagium in peacocks along with their surgical management.
Further examination of injuries revealed entangled kite string severing the propatagium from leading edge of the wing, patagial tendon and bicep muscle in left wing (Fig.
Furthermore, our technique is easier than collection by puncture of the uropatagium or the propatagium cardiac veins (25).
After removing the bandage, the limb was carefully stretched to reduce the risk of shortening of the propatagium and the wound was treated with a topical wound disinfectant (Octenisept farblos/incolore, Schtilke & Mayr GmbH, Norderstedt, Germany).
After surgery, the wing was left unbandaged to prevent shortening of the propatagium.
Suedmeyer et al (3) reported PDT of a squamous cell carcinoma on the propatagium of an African ring-nosed parakeet (Psittacula krameri), leading to an initial reduction in tumor burden.
Four alligator clip electrodes were used, 1 each attached to the cranial aspect of the propatagium and to the skin overlying the stifle on the right and left sides.
Flexibility is indispensable for the kinematics of flapping flight (12) and is allowed by feathers, propatagium, and bone properties.
4-7) Recently, there have been reports of hemangiosarcomas located in other organ systems of birds, such as intrathoracic hemangiosarcoma in an ostrich (Struthio camelus), (8) hemangiosarcoma of the leading edge of the propatagium in a golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus), (9) and subcutaneous hemangiosarcoma in a cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus).
Samples were collected by use of acetate tape strips from the skin of the head, neck, proventer, propatagium, inguinal region, and preen gland area of each bird; 0.
In the case reported, the owner was advised to change the bandages every 2-3 days to avoid contracture of the musculus propatagialis longus and subsequent shortening of the propatagium.