propranolol

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propranolol

 [pro-pran´o-lol]
a beta-adrenergic blocking agent used as the hydrochloride salt in treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, and hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, tremors, and inoperable pheochromocytoma, in prophylaxis of migraine, and for reducing the long-term risk of mortality and reinfarction after the acute phase of a myocardial infarction. Administered orally or intravenously.

propranolol

(prō-prăn′ə-lôl′, -lōl′, -lŏl′)
n.
A beta-blocker drug, C16H21NO2, used to treat hypertension, angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, and certain kinds of tremors, and to prevent migraine headaches.

propranolol

Inderal® Cardiology A β-blocker used for A Fib, angina, HTN, PVCs, and 2º protect against acute MI Mechanism Cell membrane stabilizing Contraindications Bronchospasms, left ventricular dysfunction. See β-blocker.

propranolol

A beta-blocker drug used to treat anxiety, MIGRAINE, high blood pressure (HYPERTENSION), ANGINA PECTORIS and heart irregularities (cardiac arrhythmias). The drug is on the WHO official list. Brand names are Beta-Prograne, Inderal and Syprol.

Propranolol (Inderal)

Medication commonly prescribed to treat high blood pressure; is a beta-adrenergic blocker and can also be used to treat irregular heartbeat, heart attack, migraine, and tremors.

miotics

Drugs that constrict the pupil. They may be used in the treatment of glaucoma and accommodative esotropia and, sometimes, after a mydriatic examination. Miotics are either parasympathomimetic (cholinergic-stimulating) drugs which have a direct muscarinic action, such as pilocarpine and carbachol, or anticholinesterase drugs which block the effect of acetylcholinesterase thus letting acetylcholine produce its effect, such as physostigmine, neostigmine, echothiophate and demecarium. There are also some miotics which act by blocking α-or β-adrenergic receptors. For example, dapiprazole and thymoxamine block the α-adrenergic receptors and propranolol blocks the β-adrenergic receptors. See adrenergic receptors; open-angle glaucoma; sphincter pupillae muscle; mydriatic; parasympathomimetic drug.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of post-retrieval propanolol on psychophysiologic responding during subsequent script-driven traumatic imagery in post-traumatic stress disorder.
Initially treatment was directed towards reducing ventricular response rate to atrial fibrillation using blocker Propanolol since the dog appeared chronically tachycardic.
Com administracao do propanolol, antagonista [beta]-adrenergico, ocorreu diminuicao dos efeitos pos-ETCC anodica e catodica, indicando que uma determinada quantidade de atividade adrenergica parece ser necessaria para consolidacao de ambos os mecanismos de neuroplasticidade.
(15,20) La medicacion con sulfidrilo, penicilamina, tioles, angiotensina (enalapril y captopril), (34) farmacos no esteroideos antiinflamatorios, rifampicina, interferon, nifedipina, propanolol, IL, levodopa, fenobarbital, aspirina, heroina, entre otras, han sido asociadas.
Se realiza diagnostico de feocromocitoma y se inicia manejo con propanolol 20 mg cada 8 h y prazocin 2 mg cada 6 h, logrando control adecuado y remitiendo los eventos paroxisticos.
El servicio de endocrinologia solicito gammagrafia tiroidea, la cual mostro aumento global del tamano de la glandula tiroides con alto indice de captacion de Tc99m, todo lo anterior sumado a la orbitopatia, TSH suprimida y hormonas tiroideas elevadas, cuadro indicativo de Enfermedad de Graves-Basedow asociado a paralisis periodica hipokalemica, se indico terapia con Iodo 1131 y propanolol, con remision total de los episodios de debilidad muscular y del hipertiroidismo.
Algunos de los medicamentos utilizados para la profilaxis de la migrana, como el propanolol y el acido valproico, actuan en el nucleo ventral posterior medial del talamo e inhiben la transmision de los impulsos nociceptivos.
Propanolol: es un bloqueador no selectivo de los receptores beta de la epinefrina, su funcion es de estabilizar la membrana neuronal al antagonizar los receptores 5-HT 1A y 2B, reduce la actividad adrenergica central al bloquear la liberacion de norepinefrina e inhibir al glutamato y al oxido nitrico, es util en los pacientes migranosos debido a sus efectos sedantes.
Studies have shown propanolol to be effective during acute bleeding in stopping the blood loss in greater than 90% of patients.
After several trials with loxapine, haloperidol, propanolol, methylphenidate, diazepam, and paroxetine, the patient finally responded to bupropion [18].
Only four medications (divalproex sodium, propanolol, timolol, and topiramate) carry U.S.