The longitudinal scapular height can be measured by palpating the C7 (vertebra prominens
) spinous process, then counting down to the T2 level, and comparing it to the level ofthe superior scapular angle.
Hierholzer, "Objective determination of anatomical landmarks on the body surface: Measurement of the vertebra prominens
from surface curvature," Journal of Biomechanics, vol.
(1) Kyphotic angle ICT-ITL (max[degrees]) (kyphotic angle inflexion point cervical thoracic- inflexion point thoracic lumbar max[degrees]): this is the maximum kyphotic angle measured between the tangents to the surface of the upper cervical thoracic inflexion point (ICT), in the vicinity of the vertebra prominens
(VP), and thoracic lumbar inflexion point (ITL).
One of the examiners then placed skin marks using a water-soluble pen at the putative locations of the vertebra prominens
(VP), S2, and T12.
Nine species, Calosma maderae, Chlaenius pallipes, Dolichus halensis, Scarites terricola, Pterostichus gebleri, Harpalus crates, Pardosa astrigera, Erigonidium graminicolum, and Erigone prominens
accounted for 76% of all ground-dwelling predators occurring in samples.
C3-6 are typical whereas C1 (Atlas), C2 (Axis) and C7 (Cervical prominens
) are atypical.
unknown Juncus prominens
(Buchenau) 40 Probatova et al.
Linyphiidae Hylyphantes graminicola Erigone prominens
Orchard and Hamarodus europaeus (Serpagli).
C7 is the exception as it has a long spinous process and is therefore known as the 'vertebra prominens