progressive relaxation


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relaxation

 [re″lak-sa´shun]
a lessening of tension.
relaxation/breathing techniques in the omaha system, activities that relieve muscle tension, induce a quiet body response, and rebuild energy resources; this may include deep breathing exercises, imagery, meditation, and other techniques.
force relaxation the decrease in the amount of force required to maintain a tissue at a set amount of displacement or deformation over time.
progressive relaxation a method of deep muscle relaxation based on the premise that muscle tension is the body's physiological response to anxiety-provoking thoughts and that muscle relaxation blocks anxiety.
progressive muscle relaxation
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as facilitating the tensing and releasing of successive muscle groups while attending to the resulting differences in sensation.
relaxation techniques methods used to promote lessening of tension, reduction of anxiety, and management of pain. Physiologic effects include a decrease in pulse rate, respiratory rate and oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production and elimination, blood pressure, metabolic rate, and muscle tension. Additionally, relaxation can cause peripheral vasodilation and increased peripheral temperature.



Relaxation techniques include full-body relaxation, color exchange, in which a discomfort is given a color and eliminated, and listening to restful music or meditative sounds. Such techniques are helpful in many situations in which persons are tense, in pain, highly stressed, or anxious. They can be useful in the treatment of asthma, hyperventilation, high blood pressure, Raynaud's disease, headache, and peptic ulcers.

Though varied, techniques have several features in common: rhythmic breathing, reduced muscle tension, and an altered state of consciousness. In the latter, the relaxed person sinks into an alpha level of consciousness, which falls between full consciousness and unconsciousness. In this state thought processes become less logical and more associative and creative; hence, one is more receptive to positive suggestions, and better able to concentrate on a single mental image or idea. Upon returning from the alpha state of consciousness to full consciousness one feels rested and more alert.

progressive relaxation

Mind-body medicine
A relaxation technique, developed in 1909 by E Jacobson at Harvard, and used in mind-body medicine to cope with stress, in which muscle groups are grasped in succession, starting at one end of the body and going to the other.
References in periodicals archive ?
The effects of progressive relaxation exercises on procedure, pain###Master###2010###70 patients###Semi-Experimental Model with Control Groups
Pawlow and Jones (38) investigated the acute effects of relaxation training, using the method of progressive relaxation on salivary cortisol and salivary immunoglobulin A (sIgA).
And these results agree with what refers to (Osama, 2004) who noted that the exercises progressive relaxation check acquire the skill to get rid of tension and a sense of fluent regions different body, and the skill of breathing easy lead to acquire the skill relax for athletes, also pointed out that the training relaxing contributes positively in the development of physical performance and then develop athletic performance, which helps performance skills are well proportioned, and provide mental responses soundly.
The several regulatory roadblocks here have recently been eased at a sizzling pace - the push on business correspondents, the first step away from the branch model of expansion, has increased with progressive relaxation in guidelines, and last September corporates were allowed to act as BCs for banks, a big breakthrough in providing a comprehensive eco-system for financial inclusion.
Psychophysiological effects of autogenic training and progressive relaxation. Biofeedback Self-Reg 1980;5:249-255.
Following an overview of the concepts, pioneers, and current legal status of hypnosis, Hunter presents a progressive relaxation exercise to self-induce the hypnotic state.
These include spinal manipulations, for chronic or sub acute low back pain, intensive interdisciplinary rehabilitation, exercise therapy, acupuncture, massage therapy, spinal manipulation yoga, cognitive behavioral therapy and progressive relaxation which are all quite useful.
>> Use relaxation techniques (a free audio guide to progressive relaxation is on the MHF's sleep website).
Volunteers typically take about 10 minutes to become hypnotised during a "progressive relaxation" session, although some can fall into a deeper state of relaxation than others.
In fact, it is impossible to teach biofeedback without also teaching a type of self hypnosis exercise, such as imagery-relaxation, progressive relaxation or imagery change.
The purpose of this study was to assess the psychophysiological stress-reducing properties of progressive relaxation compared with hypnosis, and deep abdominal breathing compared with a baseline condition, while controlling for hypnotizability.
Try a relaxation exercise, such as progressive relaxation, in which you tense and then relax different muscles starting with your toes and moving up to your head.

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