progressive relaxation


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relaxation

 [re″lak-sa´shun]
a lessening of tension.
relaxation/breathing techniques in the omaha system, activities that relieve muscle tension, induce a quiet body response, and rebuild energy resources; this may include deep breathing exercises, imagery, meditation, and other techniques.
force relaxation the decrease in the amount of force required to maintain a tissue at a set amount of displacement or deformation over time.
progressive relaxation a method of deep muscle relaxation based on the premise that muscle tension is the body's physiological response to anxiety-provoking thoughts and that muscle relaxation blocks anxiety.
progressive muscle relaxation
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as facilitating the tensing and releasing of successive muscle groups while attending to the resulting differences in sensation.
relaxation techniques methods used to promote lessening of tension, reduction of anxiety, and management of pain. Physiologic effects include a decrease in pulse rate, respiratory rate and oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production and elimination, blood pressure, metabolic rate, and muscle tension. Additionally, relaxation can cause peripheral vasodilation and increased peripheral temperature.



Relaxation techniques include full-body relaxation, color exchange, in which a discomfort is given a color and eliminated, and listening to restful music or meditative sounds. Such techniques are helpful in many situations in which persons are tense, in pain, highly stressed, or anxious. They can be useful in the treatment of asthma, hyperventilation, high blood pressure, Raynaud's disease, headache, and peptic ulcers.

Though varied, techniques have several features in common: rhythmic breathing, reduced muscle tension, and an altered state of consciousness. In the latter, the relaxed person sinks into an alpha level of consciousness, which falls between full consciousness and unconsciousness. In this state thought processes become less logical and more associative and creative; hence, one is more receptive to positive suggestions, and better able to concentrate on a single mental image or idea. Upon returning from the alpha state of consciousness to full consciousness one feels rested and more alert.

progressive relaxation

a technique for combating tension and anxiety by systematically tensing and relaxing muscle groups.

progressive relaxation

Mind-body medicine
A relaxation technique, developed in 1909 by E Jacobson at Harvard, and used in mind-body medicine to cope with stress, in which muscle groups are grasped in succession, starting at one end of the body and going to the other.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mind-body therapies for headache Therapy Findings Biofeedback (26-30) Decreased frequency, intensity, and duration of headaches Cognitive, stress reduction (38) Decreased headache Relaxation training (52-55) Decreased frequency, intensity, and duration of headaches, increase in headache-free days Concentration exercises (56) Decreased frequency and duration, increased intensity of headaches Progressive relaxation (25) Reduction in headache hours Self-hypnosis (36) Reduction in headache number, no change in intensity vs propranolol Cognitive-behavioral therapy (40) Similar efficacy if administered by therapist or self-administered Table 6.
Some alternative therapies helpful in gaining this kinesthetic connection include meditation techniques, progressive relaxation, Feldenkrais method (pioneering movement awareness and creating links to body movements), Mexander technique (changing habits to improve coordination), tai chi, yoga as well as other alternative therapies.
Effects of progressive relaxation and classical music on measurements of attention, relaxation and stress responses.
There were 18 students in the behavioral relaxation group (Group 1; 9 males and 9 females), 20 students in the progressive relaxation group (Group 2; 9 males and 11 females), and 17 students in the no-treatment control group (8 males and 9 females).
Working under the assumption that high levels of anxiety interfere with the generation of "successful" images of performance, Suinn (1972, 1976) proposed VMBR as a cognitive training technique combining progressive relaxation and mental practice.
Meditation, progressive relaxation with a muscle inventory, and visualization have marked effects on fatigue.
Another research investigated the effect of progressive relaxation on in vivo application, during panic attacks, showing positive results (Murphy, Michelson, Marchione, Marchione, & Testa, 1998).
The therapy addressed patient beliefs and fears about sleep, and the progressive relaxation techniques aimed to teach patients to control muscular tension via exercises.
Progressive relaxation, a technique devised by Edmund Jacobsen in the 1930s, requires the student to first tense each muscle in his body and then let it relax.
It was predicted that those subjects trained in progressive relaxation and provided with a warning cue 2 minutes prior to the onset of the pain stimulus would report a greater pain tolerance than identically trained subjects without a warning cue.
Moreover relaxation training, typically using abbreviated progressive relaxation training (Bernstein & Borkovek, 1973) is a common component of either behavioral or cognitive behavioral mental health counseling intervention to decrease arousal.
This album offers information about structural breathing, progressive relaxation and guided visualization.

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