progressive muscle relaxation


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Related to progressive muscle relaxation: guided imagery

relaxation

 [re″lak-sa´shun]
a lessening of tension.
relaxation/breathing techniques in the omaha system, activities that relieve muscle tension, induce a quiet body response, and rebuild energy resources; this may include deep breathing exercises, imagery, meditation, and other techniques.
force relaxation the decrease in the amount of force required to maintain a tissue at a set amount of displacement or deformation over time.
progressive relaxation a method of deep muscle relaxation based on the premise that muscle tension is the body's physiological response to anxiety-provoking thoughts and that muscle relaxation blocks anxiety.
progressive muscle relaxation
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as facilitating the tensing and releasing of successive muscle groups while attending to the resulting differences in sensation.
relaxation techniques methods used to promote lessening of tension, reduction of anxiety, and management of pain. Physiologic effects include a decrease in pulse rate, respiratory rate and oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production and elimination, blood pressure, metabolic rate, and muscle tension. Additionally, relaxation can cause peripheral vasodilation and increased peripheral temperature.



Relaxation techniques include full-body relaxation, color exchange, in which a discomfort is given a color and eliminated, and listening to restful music or meditative sounds. Such techniques are helpful in many situations in which persons are tense, in pain, highly stressed, or anxious. They can be useful in the treatment of asthma, hyperventilation, high blood pressure, Raynaud's disease, headache, and peptic ulcers.

Though varied, techniques have several features in common: rhythmic breathing, reduced muscle tension, and an altered state of consciousness. In the latter, the relaxed person sinks into an alpha level of consciousness, which falls between full consciousness and unconsciousness. In this state thought processes become less logical and more associative and creative; hence, one is more receptive to positive suggestions, and better able to concentrate on a single mental image or idea. Upon returning from the alpha state of consciousness to full consciousness one feels rested and more alert.

progressive muscle relaxation

a nursing intervention from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) defined as facilitating the tensing and releasing of successive muscle groups while attending to the resulting differences in sensation. See also Nursing Interventions Classification.
References in periodicals archive ?
PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION Next, the students were introduced to progressive muscle relaxation.
Firstly, the study revealed that both progressive muscle relaxation and autogenic training produce similar mood responses.
For example, several researchers (Williams & Harris, 2006) suggest that lengthy time periods are necessary for effective learning and application of certain stress management techniques such as autogenics and progressive muscle relaxation.
Interventions such as music listening and music combined with meditation and progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) have successfully reduced anxiety levels in different populations including children and adults awaiting medical procedures, adults with psychiatric illness and healthy adults (Bolwerk, 1990; Grocke & Wigram, 2007; Hamel, 2001; Hirokawa & Ohira, 2003; Robb et al.
voice therapy, fluency training, progressive muscle relaxation, etc) make it impossible to evaluate the independent effects of the sEMG biofeedback.
Progressive muscle relaxation training has been applied to pain patients for some 40 years.
The book offers step-by-step guides for a variety of mental health practices, ranging from meditation to progressive muscle relaxation.
Women in the program learn a variety of relaxation techniques, including imagery, progressive muscle relaxation, yoga, and meditation.
The participants were then stratified by age and aggression subtype and randomly assigned to a massage therapy group or a progressive muscle relaxation, attention control group before their first visit.
We also added some other stress management techniques to the program such as: progressive muscle relaxation, music therapy, and aromatherapy.
Progressive muscle relaxation starts with sitting in a quiet room, in a comfortable chair, hands resting in your lap, legs not crossed.

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