progressive muscle relaxation

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Related to progressive muscle relaxation: guided imagery


a lessening of tension.
relaxation/breathing techniques in the omaha system, activities that relieve muscle tension, induce a quiet body response, and rebuild energy resources; this may include deep breathing exercises, imagery, meditation, and other techniques.
force relaxation the decrease in the amount of force required to maintain a tissue at a set amount of displacement or deformation over time.
progressive relaxation a method of deep muscle relaxation based on the premise that muscle tension is the body's physiological response to anxiety-provoking thoughts and that muscle relaxation blocks anxiety.
progressive muscle relaxation
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as facilitating the tensing and releasing of successive muscle groups while attending to the resulting differences in sensation.
relaxation techniques methods used to promote lessening of tension, reduction of anxiety, and management of pain. Physiologic effects include a decrease in pulse rate, respiratory rate and oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production and elimination, blood pressure, metabolic rate, and muscle tension. Additionally, relaxation can cause peripheral vasodilation and increased peripheral temperature.

Relaxation techniques include full-body relaxation, color exchange, in which a discomfort is given a color and eliminated, and listening to restful music or meditative sounds. Such techniques are helpful in many situations in which persons are tense, in pain, highly stressed, or anxious. They can be useful in the treatment of asthma, hyperventilation, high blood pressure, Raynaud's disease, headache, and peptic ulcers.

Though varied, techniques have several features in common: rhythmic breathing, reduced muscle tension, and an altered state of consciousness. In the latter, the relaxed person sinks into an alpha level of consciousness, which falls between full consciousness and unconsciousness. In this state thought processes become less logical and more associative and creative; hence, one is more receptive to positive suggestions, and better able to concentrate on a single mental image or idea. Upon returning from the alpha state of consciousness to full consciousness one feels rested and more alert.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Audio-video module for progressive muscle relaxation technique can be conducted for the teachers those who are working in the visually impaired schools.
The third session was dedicated to learning progressive muscle relaxation techniques.
Unlike progressive muscle relaxation, as employed by Schumaker, BRT does not require the participant to engage in a series of tense-relax exercises.
For the purposes of this study, acute stress management techniques were defined as coping strategies used in an acute setting to alleviate stress such as: progressive muscle relaxation, stretching exercises, breathing exercises, autogenic training, imagery, visualization, meditation, mindfulness, self-distraction, denial, substance use, use of emotional support, use of instrumental support, disengagement, venting, planning, humor, acceptance, religion, self-blame, problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, effective time management, positive reappraisal, and engagement in leisure activities.
Results of this study revealed that progressive muscle relaxation and autogenic relaxation do not differ in their mood responses.
After helping readers develop "ladders" of difficult situations, and ranking them in order of difficulty, she shares relaxation techniques useful for managing anxiety, including scripts for recording relaxing imagery tapes, progressive muscle relaxation, and calm breathing.
To calm the mind and relax the muscles, consider meditation, deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, or biofeedback.
This study investigated hypnotic capacity and the differential effects of hypnosis using techniques of progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery, and deep trance on negative affect measured as burnout, depression, anxiety, stress, and immunocompetence.
In particular, the explanations for how to tense and release muscles during progressive muscle relaxation may be hard for both the patients and therapists practicing them to understand.
For example, Robb (2000) found that music paired with progressive muscle relaxation (PMR), PMR alone, listening to music and silence/suggestion all significantly reduced anxiety levels, although music paired with PMR produced the greatest decline in anxiety levels.
Certain levels of stress-related arousal may benefit performance, but almost all dancers who can perform in their "zone" are able to manage their stress with a variety of skills, including reframing, thought stopping, mental imagery, progressive muscle relaxation, yoga, biofeedback training, and many other relaxation activities (all discussed in the book).

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