procaine


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procaine

 [pro´kān]
a local anesthetic; the hydrochloride salt is used for infiltration and spinal anesthesia and peripheral nerve block.

procaine

(prō′kān′)
n.
A white crystalline powder, C13H20N2O2, used chiefly in its hydrochloride form as a local anesthetic in medicine and dentistry.

procaine

Novocain® Ambulatory surgery An ester class local anesthetic of 15–45 min duration, which doubles with coadministration of epinephrine

procaine

A local anaesthetic drug now largely replaced by others that are more quickly effective or of more persistent action.
References in periodicals archive ?
Steroid and procaine hydrochloride injections are effective in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) treatment but alone it was found to be also effective in patients with diabetes mellitus for whom steroid use is contraindicated [9].
showed the possibility of local anesthetics (namely, benzocaine, cinchocaine, lidocaine, and procaine) detection and their semiquantitative determination by immobilization of solid microparticles of anesthetics on paraffin impregnated graphite electrode.
In normal Ringer solution, the twitch was used to test the efficacy of the drugs used (procaine or ryanodine).
Those with treatment failure were given clinic-based injectable procaine penicillin and gentamicin if hospital referral was declined by the family.
The Colin Tizzard-trained Virginia Ash, who Powell partnered to victory in the Bath Ales Barnsey Novices' handicap hurdle at Chepstow on February 23, is expected to be disqualified at an inquiry on Thursday after the BHA revealed the gelding's post-race test showed traces of procaine, a prohibited substance.
The ester group of local anaesthetic agents include: cocaine, chloroprocaine, procaine and tetracaine.
He explains how to administer injections of procaine or lidocaine into specific nerve and tissue sites to restore bioelectrical function in any anatomical region, with details on materials, exact insertion points, direction, and depth of needle, and demonstrates injection methods for various sites using 150 labeled color photos and anatomic drawings.
The term novocaine often is used generically for dental anesthetics, but Novocaine, with a capital N, is technically the trade name for procaine, an anaesthetic first synthesized in 1905 and not commonly used today.
Local anesthetics are given by injection or topically, and include benzocaine, bupivacaine (Marcaine, Sensorcaine), chloroprocaine (Nesacaine), camphor, dibucaine (Nuper-cainal), levobupivacaine (Chirocaine), lidocaine (Xylocaine, Octocaine), mepivacaine (Carbocaine, Polocaine), pramoxine, prilocaine (Citanest), procaine (Novocaine), ropivacaine (Naropin), and tetracaine (Pontocaine).
The most successful turned out to be procaine, familiar under the trade name Novocaine.
Pain and disability of the shoulder and arm, treatment by intramuscular infiltration with procaine hydrochloride.
Treatment with phentolamine is nevertheless worthwhile due to the distressing ischaemic pain and parasthesia suffered by the patient.(9) Previously reported cases of digital infarction in the literature, dating from the pre 1950s were all associated with co-administered procaine or cocaine, both well known to cause massive arterial spasm and digital infarction on their own.