The most robust data available, however, to support an adjunctive benefit to enhance the efficacy of SRP to reduce probing depth
may be the data from clinical trials of locally delivered, controlled-release antimicrobials.
1-3) Typically evaluated parameters include probing depth
, gingival levels, presence or absence of bleeding, and clinical attachment levels.
The study showed that only periodontal bone loss, which would indicate a history of periodontal disease, not probing depth
, which would indicate current inflammation, was associated with the incidence of cerebrovascular disease.
The men underwent periodontal examinations to determine gum probing depth
, attachment loss, and bleeding, and they completed questionnaires about toothbrushing habits and green tea intake.
Both groups had similar reductions in probing depth
and gains in clinical attachment
The direct buccal probing depth
was 3 mm into the buccal furcation area with grade I mobility.
15) In a medium-sized dog, a probing depth
greater than 2 mm is typically considered to be abnormal.
The criteria for 'serious' periodontitis were at least four sites with clinical attachment loss of at least 5 mm, with at least one site having a probing depth
of 4mm or more.
After instrumentation using the endoscope, the majority of sites in both groups improved with respect to gingival inflammation (GI), bleeding scores (GBI), probing depth
and attachment gain.
The plaque index (PI), bleeding index (BI) and probing depth
(PD) were recorded on six specific sites (three labial and three palatal) of the teeth examined.
The radiographic examination and clinical periodontal assessments, including the gingival index (GI), (17) plaque index (PI), (18) probing depth
(PD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were performed at the baseline and the end of experiment.
Periodontitis was defined as at least 1 site exhibiting both attachment loss and a probing depth
of > or = 4 mm.