The probability of (8) represents only one data point of the

probability curve of Figure 1 (Box a).

The values between 90 percent and 10 percent represent an 80 percent confidence interval, but any level of risk can be determined simply by examining the exceedance

probability curve.

In Figure 7, red curve represents the

probability curve of the initial waiting time; the black curve expresses the improved method's

probability curve of the waiting time.

Chief characteristics of Normal Distribution and normal

probability curve:

If combined with an actuarial estimation of the likelihood of various threats, this methodology can be used to create an exceedance

probability curve for loss estimation and rate-setting.

Figure 7 shows the cumulative

probability curve calculated by integrating the fitted PDF in Figure 4 and Figure 5 for the pattern and random walking voltages under three environmental conditions.

In this example, because the probability of coming across between heavy trucks and earthquake is relatively small, we can see from the results that the shape of

probability curve under earthquake only is similar with that of 75 years' maximum earthquake load curve, but with the mean moving leftwards.

where 0=1 is the diversity gain, which determines the slope of the asymptotic outage

probability curve, and

According to the area superposition principle of normal distribution curve, Select x = ln [bar.K] as the starting point, step size [DELTA]x and make a subdivision for

probability curve; if the area summation of these formed closed figures can infinitely approach 1, then we can obtain the ln [K.sub.min] value of the left end point and the ln [K.sub.max] value of the right end point, and ln [K.sub.max] = 2 x ln [bar.K] - ln [K.sub.min]

Now available in an excellent hardbound, large print edition perfect for public libraries or nearsighted individuals, Snuff is Terry Pratchett's latest novel set in the chaotic Discworld, a fantastic land "at the far end of the

probability curve." Following the stalwart Commander Sam Vimes of the Ankh-Morpork City Watch during his countryside vacation, Snuff takes a dark turn as the bodies of victims abruptly turn up - en masse.

Several studies revealed the expected benefits of a disaster risk reduction measure by exceedance

probability curves. With available information or more funding to invest in estimating hazard probabilities, an exceedance

probability curve can be obtained to estimate the probability of occurrence of different intensities of the hazard at a given location.