To model the change in the size-fecundity relationship between likely primiparous
and multiparous females, we incorporated a split-point regression in some of the models in which the slope of the relationship changes above a critical point:
Nine trials (5021 women) reported no significant difference in cesarean section risk overall or when compared by parity, multiparous vs primiparous
(risk ratio [RR]= 1.27; 95% CI, 0.99-1.63).
The following factors were also cited as important factors: psychological adjustment; body image; ethnicity and / or race; mother's intention to breastfeed; age; educational level; if employed; if she lived in her own household, or lived with her family and / or friends; in addition to emotional factors or depressive symptoms; a sense of maternal coherence (the mother's ability to deal with difficult or unexpected situations in relation to breastfeeding), and whether the mothers were primiparous
or multiparous (19,26,28,29).
Third- and fourth-degree perineal tears among primiparous
women in England between 2000 and 2012: time trends and risk factors.
Body image concerns and reduced breastfeeding duration in primiparous
overweight and obese women.
These findings suggest that primary emergency caesarean section is commoner in primiparous
compared to multiparous women.
Characteristic characteristics of included studies to meta-analysis Study Country Participants Intervention/Control Group Mathew India Primiparous
Birth chair and et al.
Prevalence of anal sphincter injury in primiparous
In a article, the women with high and very high anxiety levels were all primiparous
. A high and very high level of labor anxiety were noted in 11.7% of women.
More than half the women were in the parturition of their first child; research in different continents report predominance of primiparous
women, (1, 15-20) which shows that, in general, women are in a group that requires greater care because they are upon the birth of their first child.
One hundred and eight (48.0%) women were primiparous
At least 75% of primiparous
women in Jordan and Yemen receive episiotomy as a routine [7, 8].