primary reinforcement


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Related to primary reinforcement: secondary reinforcement, Positive reinforcement

pri·mar·y re·in·force·ment

satisfaction of physiologic needs or drives, such as those supplied by food or sleep.
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1993), T, which represents the average time to primary reinforcement from the onset of the initial links, could be modified to include the average time to primary reinforcement from the onset of the associated context schedule.
Second, rather than dropping primary reinforcement and moving directly to secondary reinforcement, teachers need to plan a bridge between primary and secondary reinforcement.
They observed that the presence of a higher steel reinforcement may not allow the complete yielding of the primary reinforcement and it results in a brittle failure due to the crushing of the compressed regions.
Secondary reinforcement and rate of primary reinforcement.
However, several studies have shown that delayed primary reinforcement can have a substantial impact on responding in situations in which it was assumed to exert little or no influence.
The theory states that the ability of a stimulus to act as a conditioned reinforcer can be determined by comparing the reduction in time to primary reinforcement correlated with the onset of that stimulus, relative to the average delay to primary reinforcement correlated with the prior stimulus situation (Fantino, 1969b, 1977; Squires & Fantino 1971).
Occasionally, a response on either of the keys produces a terminal-link stimulus in whose presence primary reinforcement (e.
Vollmer, Rangdahl, Roane, Marcus, 1997) indicated that NCR is both easy to implement in the applied setting and has a low probability of negative side effects, and (3) the NCR procedure provided the opportunity for the frequent pairing of staff approach with potential primary reinforcement.
For example, Delay Reduction Theory (Fantino, Preston, & Dunn, 1993) maintains that the strength of a stimulus as a conditioned reinforcer depends on the reduction in time to primary reinforcement that is signaled by onset of the stimulus.
According to delay reduction theory (DRT), the conditioned reinforcing strength of a stimulus may be predicted by calculating the reduction in the duration of time to primary reinforcement signaled by that stimulus (Fantino, 1969; 1981; Squires & Fantino, 1971).
This was in keeping with the data and theoretical position of Egger and Miller (1962, 1963), which held that a stimulus must be a reliable and nonredundant predictor of primary reinforcement to become an effective secondary reinforcer.