The five basic therapeutic lifestyle changes to address hypertension are straightforward and applicable to the vast majority of cases of primary hypertension
. They are: (1) maintain a sodium-controlled diet that is rich in potassium; (2) maintain frequent exercise; (3) achieve and maintain and ideal body weight; (4) eliminate or decrease use of substances including tobacco, alcohol (in excess), and over-the-counter pain relievers/nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), but also use of sympathomimetic drugs, such as amphetamines, cocaine, even caffeine; (5) maintain sufficient vitamin D levels.
Therefore, we investigated the Th1, Th2, and Th17 type responses in 45 patients with primary hypertension
in the present study.
As described above, in CHCs in Shanghai this is officially supposed to include registration, complete annual physical examinations, and quarterly follow-up of community residents with adult-onset diabetes and primary hypertension
. The quarterly follow-up assessments include assessment of blood pressure and fasting blood glucose, identification of sequelae or comorbid health conditions, health education about lifestyle issues, medication management, and, if necessary, referral to hospital outpatient or inpatient services for more extensive evaluation or treatment.
Antihypertensive prescribing patterns for adolescents with primary hypertension
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) quoted an estimate of the prevalence of primary hypertension
in United States of America to be 28.6 percent in 1999-2002.
The aim of this study is to assess whether perceived psychological stress, distress, anthropometric measurements (Body Mass Index and Waist Hip Ratio) lifestyle factors (history of smoking and physical activity) and non- modifiable factors (age, gender and family history of hypertension) are significantly associated with the risk of primary hypertension
. The aim of our research is to assess multi-factorial risk assessment of hypertension among a sample of Pakistani population.
Blood pressure lowering efficacy of nonselective beta-blockers for primary hypertension
. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2, CD007452.
Blood pressure lowering efficacy of reserpine for primary hypertension
. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.
Secondary hypertension is attributable to a medical condition or other specific cause, and may coexist with primary hypertension
. Among these secondary conditions is primary aldosteronism, overproduction of the hormone aldosterone by the adrenal glands, resulting in imbalances of sodium and potassium.
Of the two types of hypertension -- primary and secondary -- primary hypertension
(no exact cause) accounts for about 85 per cent of the cases.
It addresses the prevalence and risk; the measurement of blood pressure; primary hypertension
pathogenesis, natural history, and evaluation; the management of hypertension; treatment through lifestyle modifications and drug therapy; hypertensive emergencies; renal parenchymal and renovascular hypertension; primary aldosteronism; pheochromocytoma; hypertension induced by cortisol or deoxycorticosterone; other forms of hypertension; and hypertension in pregnancy, childhood, and adolescence and in the context of the birth control pill.
It can develop in people whose blood pressure is usually in the normal range, or it can occur along with primary hypertension