hyperlipidemia

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hyperlipidemia

 [hi″per-lip″i-de´me-ah]
elevated concentrations of any or all of the lipids in the blood. Called also hyperlipemia and lipemia.

hy·per·lip·id·e·mi·a

(hī'pĕr-lip'i-dē'mē-ă),
Elevated levels of lipids in the blood plasma. There are several types of hyperlipemia. One is associated with a deficiency of δ-aminoadipic semialdehyde synthase.

hyperlipidemia

/hy·per·lip·id·emia/ (-lip″ĭ-de´me-ah) elevated concentrations of any or all of the lipids in the plasma, including hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, etc.hyperlipide´mic
combined hyperlipidemia  a generic designation for a hyperlipidemia in which several classes of lipids are elevated; usually used to denote the phenotype of a type II-b hyperlipoproteinemia.
familial combined hyperlipidemia  an inherited disorder of lipoprotein metabolism manifested in adulthood as hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, or a combination, with elevated plasma apolipoprotein B and premature coronary atherosclerosis.
mixed hyperlipidemia  see under hyperlipemia.
remnant hyperlipidemia  a form in which the accumulated lipoproteins are normally transient intermediates, chylomicron remnants, and intermediate-density lipoproteins; a generic descriptor for the type III hyperlipoproteinemia phenotype.

hyperlipidemia

(hī′pər-lĭp′ĭ-dē′mē-ə, -lī′pĭ-)
n.
An excess of fats or lipids in the blood. Also called hyperlipemia.

hyperlipidemia

[-lip′idē′mē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, hyper + lipos, fat, haima, blood
an excess of lipids, including glycolipids, lipoproteins, and phospholipids, in the plasma. Also spelled hyperlipidaemia. See also antilipidemic.

hyperlipidemia

An ↑ of circulating lipids–fatty acids, TGs, and cholesterol, often linked to ↑ lipoproteins–hyperlipoproteinemia and/or ↓ degradative enzymes–eg, lipoprotein lipase. See Acquired hyperlipidemia, Familial combined hyperlipidemia.
Hyperlipidemia
Primary Dyslipidemia intimately linked to CAD
Secondary
Secondary hypercholesterolemia, seen in acute intermittent porphyria, cholestasis, hypothyroidism and pregnancy.
Secondary hypertriglyceridemia, seen in DM, acute alcohol intoxication, acute pancreatitis, gout, gram-negative sepsis, glycogen storage disease I, oral contraceptive use.
Combined hypercholesterolemia & hypertriglyceridemia, seen in nephrotic syndrome, chronic renal failure, corticosteroid therapy and immunosuppression.
Note: 30-40% of the population is sensitive to dietary cholesterol and ↑ dietary cholesterol may ↑ cholesterol in the circulation

li·pe·mi·a

(li-pē'mē-ă)
The presence of an abnormally high concentration of lipids in the circulating blood.
Synonym(s): hyperlipidemia, hyperlipoidemia, lipidemia, lipoidemia, lipaemia.
[lipid + G. haima, blood]

Hyperlipidemia

A general term for elevated concentrations of any or all of the lipids in the plasma.

hy·per·lip·id·e·mi·a

(hī'pĕr-lip'i-dē'mē-ă)
Elevated levels of lipids in the blood plasma.
Synonym(s): hyperlipidaemia.

hyperlipidemia

a general term for elevated concentrations of any or all of the lipids in the plasma. See also hyperlipoproteinemia.

postprandial hyperlipidemia
a normal increase following ingestion of food.
primary hyperlipidemia
caused by decreased activity of lipoprotein lipase, it occurs in miniature Schnauzer dogs.
secondary hyperlipidemia
may occur in association with diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, pancreatitis, hyperadrenocorticism, cholestatic liver disease and nephrotic syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Welchol[R] is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to reduce elevated LDL-C in patients with primary hyperlipidemia as monotherapy, or in combination with a statin.
Focusing on patient evaluation, mechanism of disease, and diagnosis, this reference for professionals and advanced students draws on a rich collection of color and b&w photos, explanatory diagrams, and other medical imaging to explore the range of primary hyperlipidemias and related gene and protein structures for important mutations.

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