color

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Related to Primary Colors: Secondary colors

color

 [kul´er]
1. a property of a surface or substance due to absorption of certain light rays and reflection of others within the range of wavelengths (roughly 370 to 760 nm) adequate to excite the retinal receptors.
2. radiant energy within the range of adequate chromatic stimuli of the retina, i.e., between the infrared and the ultraviolet.
3. a sensory impression of one of the rainbow hues.
primary c's a small number of fundamental colors. In visual science this refers to red, green, and blue, the colors specifically picked up by the retinal cones; mixtures of varying proportions of the primary colors will yield the 150 discriminable hues of normal human vision. In painting and printing, the primary colors are red, blue, and yellow.
color vision deficiency inability to distinguish between certain colors, popularly called “color blindness.” A complete deficiency (monochromatic vision), the total inability to see colors, is rare, affecting only one person in 300,000. Much more common are the various types of partial deficiency. The most common is red-green confusion (see deuteranopia and protanopia), which affects approximately 8 million people in the United States.

Color vision is a function of the cones in the retina of the eye, which are stimulated by light and transmit impulses to the brain. It is now thought that there are three types of cones, each type stimulated by one of the primary colors in light (red, green, and blue or violet). In red-green color vision deficiency, there is a deficiency of either red or green receptors, so that the two colors do not appear distinct from each other.

Color vision is usually tested by the ishihara test with a series of pseudoisochromatic charts or plates. (See Atlas 4, Part F.) These have a letter, number, or symbol printed in dots of one color in the midst of dots of gray or other colors. The normal person can see the symbol with no difficulty, but the person with color vision deficiency cannot distinguish it from the background.

Although color vision deficiency may occasionally result from injuries, diseases, or certain drugs, most cases are hereditary. It is usually inherited by males through the mother, who carries the trait from her father although she is not color deficient herself. In some cases, if the grandfather is color deficient and the mother carries the trait, a daughter may inherit color vision deficiency, but the ratio of men to women with inherited forms is about 20 to 1. There is no known cure for color vision deficiency.

col·or

(kŭl'ŏr),
1. That aspect of the appearance of objects and light sources that may be specified as to hue, lightness (brightness), and saturation.
2. That portion of the visible (370-760 nm) electromagnetic spectrum specified by wavelength, luminosity, and purity.
[L.]

col·or

(kŭl'ŏr)
1. That aspect of the appearance of objects and light sources that may be specified as to hue, lightness (brightness), and saturation.
2. That portion of the visible (370-760 nm) electromagnetic spectrum specified as to wavelength, luminosity, and purity.
Synonym(s): colour.
[L.]

Patient discussion about color

Q. Why is the color draining from my eyes?! When I was little I had rich shiny cobalt blue eyes! As I grew up they faded or just started to dim in color. Being partially blind you can see in my left eye the its a really light color and creamy instead of my deep blue color... Why does my eye color dim?! I didnt think going blind had anything to do with the color of my eyes changing... Or is it something else?! Please, and thank you!

A. depends on your blindness, if it is caused by your cornea changing (corneal opacity)- it'll change your eye color to a cloudy white. it can also be caused by cataract.
are those the reason of your blindness?

Q. If someone as alcoholism do there eyes change color? My husband says his work mate told him that if you’re an alcoholic your eyes can change color. As an example If you have blue eyes they become a darker blue because of something in your bloodstream?. I think my husband’s workmate is winding my husband up, or is he telling the truth?

A. That is an untruth. The color of the eyes in an alcoholic will not change color. The only thing in the eyes that will change color are the corneas (the whites of the eyes) they will turn yellow due to jaundice and probably cirrhosis of the liver. The skin will also turn yellow with the jaundice.

Q. What exactly is PPD? I heard it is a substance in hair color and that some women are allergic to it How can I know if I’m allergic to it?

A. That sounds nasty... so how can I know if i'm allergic to it or not?

More discussions about color
References in periodicals archive ?
In the end, the children have a fantastic self-portrait that not only introduced them to lines, shapes and primary colors, but commemorates their very first art class, as well!
Each book offers his bold, almost Haringesque signature style incorporating primary colors with messages that encourage and empower children to communicate their feelings while embracing their individuality.
Demonstrate how to mix primary colors to create secondary colors Students should mix until they have combined colors to create orange, violet, and green.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a method in a diffractive color system, which color system specifies visual color effects, target colors, which are formed by mixing together two or more diffractively produced primary colors. According to the invention, the primary colors and the characteristics of the elementary gratings used in producing them are selected in such a manner that they produce the desired exact primary colors particularly in the application-specific lighting and by taking into account, when required, the color of the substrate material and/or other background separately.
Their acting, like the oversized fruits and vegetables in Boris Messerer's decor, was ablaze in primary colors. And the steps they were given blended classical balance and a spontaneity that derived partly from the choreographer and partly from the dancers themselves.
Joe Klein's much-praised, anonymously published book Primary Colors, a campaign-trail roman a clef based on Bill Clinton's 1992 presidential run, is perhaps our most influential recent variation on the theme.
Retailers decorated stores in bold primary colors, lowered counters and mirrors to convenient child heights, and placed clothing within easy grasp.
BOOGIE: Saturday Night Fever; CHOICE CUTS: Pulp Fiction (top), Face/Off with Nic Cage, and Primary Colors with Adrian Lester; CHEMISTRY: Grease
While walking around its San Telmo district, I noticed a brick wall featuring large-scale abstractions of tango dancers painted in vivid primary colors. Buenos Aires is immersed in the tango, and this artwork offered a symbol of the city's passion.
The volunteers landscaped, painted a fence with bright primary colors, cleaned the playground, and visited with center residents.
Two years after selling her $150,000 home, the 34-year-old proprietor of Primary Colors day care in Durham, North Carolina, became a homeowner again.
As children, we learn that blue and yellow are primary colors individual and apart from each other.