The use of interscalene block as the primary anesthetic
technique avoids the complications associated with general anaesthsia.
The primary anesthetic
efficacy parameter in this study was the subjective evaluation of pain during access cavity preparation and pulp extirpation.
Table 1--Interventional neuroradiologic procedures and primary anesthetic considerations.
Infusions of primary anesthetics or vasoactive agents should be through proximal ports with minimal dead space.
Choice of primary anesthetic
regimen can influence intensive care unit length of stay after coronary surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.
While the medical literature includes an occasional description of hypnosis being used as the primary anesthetic
in a major surgical procedure--it hasa reportedly been used for everything from dilatation-and-curettage to open heart surgery--proponents of the practice say its real value is as an adjunct to chemical anesthesia, relaxing the patient and allowing less anesthesia to be used, thus shortening recovery time.
According to the new indication for use statement cleared by the FDA, BIS monitoring may be used as an aid in monitoring the effects of certain anesthetic agents and may be associated with a reduction in primary anesthetic
use and a reduction in emergence and recovery time.
The use of an interscalene block as the primary anesthetic
increases the proportion of patients suitable for post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) bypass and decreases immediate postoperative pain.
Although there may be numerous mechanisms by which NMDA receptor antagonism promote early apoptosis in cultured cells, this data supports the theory that cell cycle activation may play an important role in the potential cognitive effect suggested by clinical studies using Ketamine as primary anesthetic
Peripheral nerve blocks are widely used as the primary anesthetic
technique for perioperative pain management during upper and lower extremity surgery.