preventive psychiatry


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

psychiatry

 [si-ki´ah-tre]
the branch of health science that deals with the study, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders. adj., adj psychiat´ric.
biological psychiatry that which emphasizes biochemical, pharmacological, and neurological causes and treatment approaches.
community psychiatry the branch of psychiatry concerned with the detection, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in a designated geographical area, with emphasis on environmental factors.
descriptive psychiatry psychiatry based on the study of observable symptoms and behavioral phenomena, rather than underlying psychodynamic processes.
dynamic psychiatry psychiatry based on the study of the mental mechanisms and emotional processes that govern and motivate human behavior, rather than observable behavioral phenomena.
forensic psychiatry that dealing with the legal aspects of mental disorders.
geriatric psychiatry geropsychiatry.
preventive psychiatry a broad term referring to the amelioration, control, and limitation of psychiatric disability.
social psychiatry that concerned with the cultural and social factors that engender, precipitate, intensify, or prolong maladaptive patterns of behavior and complicate treatment.
References in periodicals archive ?
Drs Gates and Sykes have discussed the impaired immune function reported in cases of depression like Mr Desmond's and even in cases of bereavement.[7] The two physicians have speculated whether an impairment in immune function may contribute to the increase in medical and psychiatric illness among recent widows and widowers.[8] They agree that the role the family physician plays in preventive psychiatry in the early care of the bereaved person is extremely important.[9] Dr Gates writes a note to himself to remind him to ask Mrs Carden, whose husband recently died of a heart attack, to drop in for a talk and perhaps to set up a series of bereavement counseling sessions.
And studies of human behavior and performance on the space station "could contribute to the field of preventive psychiatry, particularly in assisting those who must work for long periods in isolated and/or confined or hazardous environments," says the report.
William Menninger, Karl's brother and one of the architects of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), had stated clearly that Freudian theory serves as the only logical basis for preventive psychiatry a valid mental hygiene."

Full browser ?