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the keeping of something (such as an illness or injury) from happening.
fall prevention in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as instituting special precautions with the patient at risk for injury from falling.
pressure ulcer prevention in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the prevention of pressure ulcers for a patient at high risk for developing them.
primary prevention the first level of health care, designed to prevent the occurrence of disease and promote health.
religious addiction prevention in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as prevention of a self-imposed controlling religious lifestyle. See also addiction.
secondary prevention the second level of health care, based on the earliest possible identification of disease so that it can be more readily treated or managed and adverse sequelae can be prevented.
shock prevention in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as detecting and treating a patient at risk for impending shock.
sports-injury prevention: youth in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as reducing the risk of sport-related injury in young athletes.
substance use prevention in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the prevention of an alcoholic or drug use lifestyle. See also substance abuse.
suicide prevention in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as reducing risk of self-inflicted harm with intent to end life. See also suicide.
tertiary prevention the third phase or level of health care, concerned with promotion of independent function and prevention of further disease-related deterioration.


Action so as to avoid, forestall, or circumvent a happening, conclusion, or phenomenon (for example, disease prevention).


Etymology: L, praevenire, to anticipate
(in nursing care) actions directed to preventing illness and promoting health to reduce the need for secondary or tertiary health care. Prevention includes such nursing actions as assessment, including disease risk; application of prescribed measures, such as immunization; health teaching; early diagnosis and treatment; and recognition of disability limitations and rehabilitation potential. In acute care nursing many interventions are simultaneously therapeutic and preventive.


A school of medicine practiced predominantly in the US, and based on Dr Andrew Taylor Still's theory of healing, first delineated in 1874; osteopathic theory holds that a body in a state of wellness is correctly adjusted, and that disease represents a loss of coherency of structure and/or function, and the inability to mount a normal defense against infection, malignancy, inflammation, toxins and other inciting agents. See Articulatory techniques, Classical osteopathy, Cranial manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy, Integrative medicine, Joint mobilization, Lymphatic pump, Muscle energy manipulation, Myofascial release, Positioning techniques, Rule of the artery, Somatic dysfunction, Strain-Counterstrain Therapy, Visceral manipulation; Cf Chiropractic, Naturopathy.
Osteopathy, key principles
Holism The body is an integrated unit or balanced musculoskeletal system which holds the key to optimal physiologic function
Structure & function are interrelated An alteration in the body's structure leads to functional defects
Homeostasis The body has an intrinsic mechanisms to heal itself; osteopathic manipulation, exercise, and medication are intended to enhance the body's intrinsic healing ability; chronic conditions are believed to occur when the healing capacity is compromised
Other principles
•  Prevention Central to the school of osteopathy is the teaching of lifestyle alteration, in particular through diet and exercise
•  Rule of the artery All illness responds to improved blood circulation, which provides essential nutrients and releases toxins
•  Somatic dysfunction A premorbid state in which tissues are functioning in a suboptimal state, but structural defects are not yet present


n the management of those factors that could lead to disease so as to prevent the occurrence of the disease.


in disease control terms includes measures designed to prevent the introduction of a disease into areas where it does not already exist, and improve the resistance of the population and reduce the chances of the infection spreading, when the disease already exists in the population.

Patient discussion about prevention

Q. Is there something I could do in order to prevent headaches? I have headaches often and somebody told me that there're steps to be taken in order to prevent headaches so often... Please help...

A. I just read your question on headaches. I have them occasionally as well. I don't like to take over the counter medication for headaches, so I rely on herbal supplemnts. You are ayoung man so I'm assuming you are very healthy. This herbal supplement shouldn't hurt you. It's very safe. I take at least 2 Valerian root capsules before going to bed. It relaxes your body abd it helps to eliminate headeaches.It also lowers the blood pressure which can sometimes cause headaches. Be sure you rule out any oraganic problems which can also cause headaches. You can find Valerian root at any health food/ organic markets.Also look at your diet MSG in food gives me headaches as well. I can always tell if it's present in foods right after I eat something processed. I stick with whole foods and I do yoga which helps as well. Let me know how if this works.

Q. How to prevent diverticulitis? I am a 43 year old man. I just had colonoscopy and my Doctor said I have diverticulosis and am at risk in developing diverticulitis. How can I prevent developing diverticulitis?

A. You have Diverticulosis, which means you have diverticulas (small pouches) on your digestive system. These diverticula are permanent and will not go away. No treatment has been found to prevent complications of diverticular disease. Diet high in fiber increases stool bulk and prevents constipation, and theoretically may help prevent further diverticular formation or worsening of the diverticular condition. Some doctors recommend avoiding nuts, corn, and seeds which can plug diverticular openings and cause diverticulitis. Whether avoidance of such foods is beneficial is unclear. If you develop unexplained fever, chills or abdominal pain, you should notify your doctor immediately since it could be a complication of diverticulitis.

Q. How to prevent Hemorrhoids? My brother is suffering from Hemorrhoids. I am very worried about getting them to and want to know how can I prevent them?

A. it's time to change to a healthier with fibers and vegetables.avoid causes like: Increased straining during bowel movements,portal hypertension, Obesity and Excessive consumption of alcohol or caffeine.

More discussions about prevention
References in periodicals archive ?
This study describes the design and implementation an Osteoporosis Prevention Program for middle-aged women using the Health Belief Model.
For instance, all staff must know the name of the facility's abuse prevention coordinator.
Community leaders and school administrators should research and examine various school violence prevention options and select techniques most appropriate for their schools.
By 2005, implement measures to increase capacities of women and young girls to protect themselves from risk of infection, principally through gender-sensitive prevention education and the provision of reproductive health services;
Snell's question is widely asked by other service providers working with communities of color who believe that AIDS organizations and prevention planning councils must begin to more adequately address the changing demographics of the epidemic.
The three broad approaches for injury prevention programs are:
And while that's what NCI claims to be doing, Caplan says that's not always what women in the breast cancer prevention trial have received.
School counselors play a critical role in the prevention and early identification of eating disorders.
It is reasonable to assume that internal devices will add to the efficacy of microbicides for disease protection, just as they have added to the efficacy of spermicides for pregnancy prevention.
Presenters agreed that the benefits of collecting local data from these systems are substantial and will assist prevention programs.

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