Mesosoma about as wide as head width; mesoscutum 1.5x wider than long, 2.4x longer than mesoscutellum, 4.2x longer than metanotum; propodeum with basal part about 0.9x mesoscutellum length in dorsal view; protibial spur with apical portion of rachis long, about as long as malus, with four elongate branches (not including apical portion of rachis); mesotibial spur straight, with coarse branches, 0.8x mesobasitarsus length; metatibial spurs about the same length, curved apically; pretarsal
claws with inner ramus slightly shorter than the outer.
Botulinum toxin (Botox[R]) was diluted with 2 mL 0,9% sodium chloride and subcutaneously injected as 5 units into 5 different points in the pretarsal
section of the orbicularis oculi muscle.
Restylane (two lids) or Juvederm Ultra (eight lids) were injected in the pretarsal
and / or prelevator aponeurosis regions along the length of the upper eyelid deep to the orbicularis oculi muscle using a feathered layered approach until the desired endpoint (resolution of lagophthalmos without obstruction of visual axis) was reached.
Length of posterior pretarsal
seta subequal to anterior pretarsal
(g) The lid margins of the two vertical incisions were approximated with three stitches of 6-0 silk, and the tarsus plate and preseptal and pretarsal
orbicularis were sutured with 6-0 catgut.
BoNT injection reduces the tone of the pretarsal
and preseptal fibers of the orbicularis oculi muscle, thereby providing temporary correction of its inward folding.
After adjusting the position of the patients, the frontal muscular and pretarsal
fascia were sutured (Goldberg & Lew, 2011; Bagheri et al, 2012).
irrigatus, mention that the adults can be recognized by the frons without setae; antenna short, same length in both sexes, about 30 flagellomeres; antennal fossae separated by about width of pedicel; fore femur without clavate setae; ocular rim without setae; fore femoral sense hair as long as fore femur and mid femoral sense hair; mesonotum without blade-like setae; tibial spurs present; pretarsal
claws large, longer than one-half length of distal tarsomere; pilula axillaris large; fore wing vein 2A runs in a fairly even curve toward 3A; posterior area of hind wing narrower than presectoral area, CuA bends to hind margin at or before origin of medial fork; anterior banksian line weakly developed; fore wing without dark brown stripe in mediocubital area.
Cosmetic issues that are raised with standard frontalis suspension surgery include scarring in young children, unsatisfactory geometric tenting of the pretarsal
and preseptal skin, obliteration of the eyelid crease and a poor tarso-corneal interface noted with brow elevation and depression.
The two known causes of lower eyelid epiblepharon are inadequate lower lid retractor development, marked by the absence of adhesion to the skin, and a pretarsal
orbicularis muscle inserted too closely to the lid margin; subsequently, the muscle and skin anterior to the tarsal plate are pushed forward over the tarsal plate, resulting in muscle and skin hypertrophy.
Comparative studies on the pretarsal
structures in Dinidoridae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomoidea).
Second, the prothoracic legs bear two articulated pretarsal
claws in African Laccocorinae, whereas a single immovable claw is fused to the protibia in Naucorinae.