pressure points

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pressure points

Places where major arteries lie near the surface and over bones. Direct pressure applied to these points can limit the blood flow and control severe bleeding as a first aid measure in cases of injury.


stress or strain, by compression, expansion, pull, thrust or shear.

arterial pressure
the blood pressure in the arteries.
atmospheric pressure
the pressure exerted by the atmosphere, about 15 lb per square inch (2.17 kPa) at sea level.
capillary pressure
the blood pressure in the capillaries.
central venous pressure (CVP)
see central venous pressure.
cerebrospinal pressure
the pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid, normally 100 to 150 mmHg.
diastolic pressure
the lowest pressure recorded in the arterial blood pressure cycle. Represents the minimal pressure in the left ventricle which can maintain its ejection phase. See also blood pressure.
pressure gauge
a device attached to the outlet of gas tanks to measure internal pressure which indicates the quantity of gas remaining.
pressure gradient
the rate of increase (or decrease) in the magnitude of the pressure being measured.
intracranial pressure (ICP)
see intracranial pressure.
intraocular pressure (IOP)
the pressure exerted against the outer coats by the contents of the eyeball.
pressure load
mean circulatory filling pressure
a measure of the average (arterial and venous) pressure necessary to cause filling of the circulation with blood; it varies with blood volume and is directly proportional to the rate of venous return and thus to cardiac output.
pressure natriuresis
thought to participate in regulating the volume of extracellular fluid levels when the normal neurohumoral mediators are impaired; the increase in water and sodium ion excretions which occur when blood pressure is elevated because of an increase in the circulating blood volume.
pressure necrosis
necrosis of tissue caused by exclusion of circulation by external compression, e.g. in prolonged recumbency, or due to too-tight bandage, collar, harness.
negative pressure
pressure less than that of the atmosphere.
oncotic pressure
the osmotic pressure of a colloid in solution.
osmotic pressure
the potential pressure of a solution directly related to its solute osmolar concentration; it is the maximum pressure developed by osmosis in a solution separated from another by a semipermeable membrane, i.e. the pressure that will just prevent osmosis between two such solutions.
pressure point granuloma
see pressure points (below).
pressure point pyoderma
see pressure points (below).
pressure points
parts of the body subject to pressure when the animal is recumbent, wearing harness or saddlery, or during restraint. Usually bony prominences such as the point of the hock, hip, shoulder, elbow and lateral aspects of limbs. These are predisposed to callus formation, infection pyoderma and granulomas.
positive pressure
pressure greater than that of the atmosphere.
pulse pressure
difference between systolic and diastolic pressures in arteries.
pressure receptors
e.g. the blood pressure receptors in the aortic arch and the carotid sinus.
pressure sore
decubitus ulcer.
systolic pressure
the highest reading in the arterial blood pressure cycle. A reflection of the ejection pressure of left ventricular systole, and the elasticity of the arterial system.
venous pressure
the blood pressure in the veins. See also central venous pressure.
wedge pressure
intravascular pressure as measured by a swan-ganz catheter introduced into the pulmonary artery; it permits indirect measurement of the mean left atrial pressure.
pressure wrap
bandages which apply pressure to underlying tissues; used after trauma to limit the development of edema, and in the management of lymphedema.
References in periodicals archive ?
Recently, however, the use of pressure points has come under attack.
Low oil prices may also create pressure points for E&P firms with concentrated positions in shale, as capital spending in new shale positions can be "sticky," especially new positions, both because of the need for forced leasehold drilling to retain acreage, and because the expected returns associated with new shale positions often rely on expected efficiency gains (lower cost wells, fewer days to completion, optimized frack stages, etc.
Its advantages include better air flow for a cooler night's sleep, more balanced support resulting in less cradling, optimal pressure point relief for improved circulation and better spinal alignment.
By tapping on pressure points it releases endorphins which then relaxes your body and results in a decrease in the food craving," Stapleton added.
Lawrence Li uses a tool on patient Jeremy Landau's ear to isolate a pressure point associated with pain in his knee.
The new line is designed to eliminate one of America's greatest sleep obstacles - tossing and turning caused by pressure points.
Results from the My Pressure Points national online survey conducted in 2009 of over 500 African Americans with high blood pressure (age 18 and older) and 150 doctors who treat African Americans with hypertension, are also available.
Q: The December 2002 revision of the RAI User's Manual states that skin tears that are over pressure points should be counted on M1 as an ulcer.
says the affordability pressure points are in the San Francisco and San Jose areas.
Recognized for its multi-patented massage technology, such as its Acupoint[TM] Detection System that scans the entire length of the user's back creating a map of key pressure points to target during the massage, the HT-7450 Zero-Gravity massage chair received the award today at the Consumer Electronic Show's (CES) New York Press Preview, the Consumer Electronics Association's annual sneak peek of the hottest new products and upcoming 2008 International CES technology trends.
New Innerspring Mattress is Designed to Eliminate Tossing and Turning Caused by Uncomfortable Pressure Points
Heelift Smooth is specially designed for residents with edematous legs or very sensitive skin, using a smooth foam that will not irritate skin or cause additional pressure points.