prenatal sex selection

prenatal sex selection

A procedure, usually illegal, for ensuring the desired sex of the outcome of a pregnancy. The sex is determined by chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis or ultrasound scanning, and, if the sex is undesired, the pregnancy is terminated. Demographic analysis suggests that about 100 million female babies have been aborted because of the desire for males.
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) attempted to address the sex selection issue by avoiding an open discussion of abortion, instead referring only to prenatal sex selection.
Prenatal Sex Selection and Missing Girls in China: Evidence from the Diffusion of Diagnostic Ultrasound.
In order to ban the abuse of techniques for determining the gender of fetuses, the United Nations labelled prenatal sex selection as a form of discrimination in 1994 (United Nations Population Fund, n.
Taken together, the growing access to new technology and the preliminary evidence of an increasingly imbalanced sex ratio at birth strongly suggest that prenatal sex selection and selective abortion are widespread in some post-Soviet states.
Whether this difference in sex ratios was the result of prenatal sex selection should be determined by direct study of practices of sex-selected preimplantation and pregnancy termination among individuals from various world regions," said the researchers.
The Beijing Platform of Action (BPfA) (11) reiterates the above definition and expands it to include "violations of the rights of women in situations of armed conflict, in particular murder, systematic rape, sexual slavery and forced pregnancy," as well as "forced sterilisation and forced abortion, coercive/forced use of contraceptives, female infanticide and prenatal sex selection.
Coupled with this strict family policy and strong son preferences, prenatal sex selection reached epidemic levels in the late 1980s, as many women opted for abortions upon discovering that the fetus was female.
The potential impact of attitudes about the preferred gender of one's child has increased in recent years because various techniques for prenatal sex selection have become more widely available -- including ways of detecting the gender of a fetus early in the gestation process, and the increasing technological ability to select the sex of a child using in vitro and artificial insemination procedures.
Strictly enforce laws against prenatal sex selection, female foeticide, female infanticide, child marriage, child abuse, child prostitution, child trafficking and child labour.
Both the traditional fertility culture and prenatal sex selection had contributed to the problem, Wang Guangzhou, a researcher on the project, was quoted as saying by the state-run Global Times.
In the early days of prenatal sex selection, only two options were available to determine the sex of a fetus: amniocentesis and CVS.
Increasingly technological "progress" collaborates in gender-based violence through prenatal sex selection that favors male offspring, while a related problem of female infanticide and abuse persists.