If left untreated, complications can include premature labor, low-birth-weight offspring, and premature membrane rupture
Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted parasite that can cause vaginitis, urethritis, premature membrane rupture
in pregnancy, and increased persistence of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV), which causes cervical cancer.
Younger maternal age, premature membrane rupture
, primary cesarean delivery, and earlier gestational age showed trends toward an association with wound complications, but these associations did not reach statistical significance.