premature delivery

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Related to premature delivery: preeclampsia

pre·ma·ture de·liv·er·y

childbirth 20-37 weeks into gestation.
See also: premature birth.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

pre·ma·ture de·liv·er·y

(prē'mă-chŭr' dĕ-liv'ĕr-ē)
Birth of a fetus before its proper time.
See also: premature birth
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


(di-liv'e-re) [Fr. fr L. deliberare, to set free]
1. Giving birth to a child, together with the placenta and membranes, by a parturient woman. See: labor
2. The provision and administration of a therapeutic agent to a patient.

abdominal delivery

Delivery of a child by cesarean section.

assisted delivery

Assisted birth.

breech delivery

Delivery of the fetus that presents in the breech position, i.e., the buttocks are the first part of the body to be delivered. Synonym: breech extraction See: breech presentation

elective delivery

Aiding the birth of a newborn before the onset of uterine contractions or the spontaneous rupture of membranes.

forceps delivery

Delivery of a child by application of forceps to the fetal head. Outlet forceps deliveries are performed when the scalp of the fetus is visible at the vaginal introitus and the fetal skull has descended to the pelvic floor. Low forceps deliveries are performed when the fetal skull is at or > station +2 cm and not on the pelvic floor. Midforceps deliveries are performed when the station is above +2 cm but the head is engaged. High forceps deliveries, performed in the past, are no longer performed.

operative delivery

Delivery of a newborn with forceps, by surgery (e.g. Cesarean section), or by vacuum extraction.

postmortem delivery

Delivery of the child by either the abdominal or vaginal route after death of the mother.

precipitous delivery

An unexpected birth caused by swift progression through the second stage of labor with rapid fetal descent and expulsion. See: precipitate labor

Patient care

Although primiparas may experience unduly rapid labor and delivery, the event is more common among multiparas. Signs to be alert for are an accelerating second stage, such as the abrupt onset of strong contractions, an intense urge to bear down, or the patient's conviction that delivery is imminent. To diminish the urge to push, the woman should be encouraged to pant.

Emergency delivery by health care professionals. If time permits, the health care provider opens the emergency delivery pack, scrubs, and gloves, and places a sterile drape under the patient's buttocks. As crowning occurs, the health care provider uses the dominant hand to gently support the oncoming fetal head and the other hand to support the woman's perineum. If the amniotic sac is intact, the membranes are to be broken. The head should be born between contractions and supported as it emerges. The health care provider immediately feels for a nuchal cord. If the cord loosely encircles the infant's neck, it should be slipped over the infant's head. If it is tightly looped, two clamps are used to occlude the cord and cut it between them; the clamp is left in place. The health care provider unwinds the cord and suctions the infant's nose and mouth. He or she places one hand on either side of the infant's head and gently exerts downward traction to deliver the anterior shoulder. Gentle upward traction assists delivery of the posterior shoulder, and the body emerges as the mother gently pushes. Standard birthing protocols are then followed, such as using a bulb syringe to suction the newborn as needed, drying the infant, and placing the newborn on the mother's abdomen (skin to skin) in a head-dependent position to facilitate drainage of mucus and fluid. The patient is assessed for signs of placental separation (small gush of blood, more cord protruding from the vagina, fundal rebound). Traction on the cord to hasten placental separation is contraindicated. The postdelivery status of the mother and newborn is assessed and recorded.

premature delivery

Preterm delivery.

preterm delivery

Childbirth that occurs between the date of fetal viability and the end of the 37th week of gestation. Synonym: premature delivery See: preterm labor

site-specific delivery

Any of the techniques to help a therapeutic agent concentrate in the organ where it will have the greatest effect. These include attaching a drug to a monoclonal antibody or administering prodrugs that are converted to active agents only in targeted cells.

spontaneous delivery

Delivery of an infant without external aid.

vaginal delivery

Expulsion of a child, placenta, and membranes through the birth canal.

ventouse delivery

Removal of the fetus from the womb with a vacuum extractor.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

Premature delivery

The birth of a live baby when a pregnancy ends spontaneously after the twentieth week.
Mentioned in: Stillbirth
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Premature delivery seemed to be significantly more likely to occur in PHIV women, but this association lost significance after adjustment for early start of cART and age.
Among the causes of stillbirth, premature delivery was the leading cause and this was followed by congenital anomalies and maternal-pregnancy-related causes.
Apuzzio, an expert in the areas of high-risk pregnancy, infectious disease, and prenatal diagnosis, to address the importance of proactively treating known conditions that can lead to premature delivery. Dr.
The mental tension caused by her husband's prolonged jail term triggered the premature delivery of her child following a six-month pregnancy.
Prithvi was born of premature delivery and survived for two days only.
Internists should become aware of the event surrounding the FDA approval of Makena, a commercial preparation of 17-hydroxyprogesterone, an injectable agent to reduce premature delivery in at-risk mothers to be.
Dr Parvez Haris, head of the biomedical and environmental health group at De Montfort University in Leicester, said lead can also result in premature delivery, stillbirth and miscarriage.
Twin and triplet pregnancies are linked to a higher chance of premature delivery, low birth weight and miscarriage.
However, it is gaining more attention as more research shows that untreated BV can lead to significant health complications, including premature delivery, postpartum infections, clinically apparent and subclinical pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), postsurgical complications (after abortion, hysterectomy, cesarean section and other reproductive procedures), increased vulnerability to HIV infection and, possibly, infertility.
Investigated whether psychobiosocial intervention could be a useful adjunct to medical management of 44 women threatening premature delivery (20-34 wks gestation).
Rates for perinatal mortality, premature delivery and low birth weight were also comparable.