premature birth


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birth

 [berth]
a coming into being; the act or process of being born.
birth certificate a written, authenticated record of the birth of a child, required by state laws throughout the United States. After a birth is registered, a birth certificate is issued which represents legal proof of parentage, age, and citizenship, and is of great personal and legal importance. A birth certificate is required for many legal and business or personal transactions. Whether the child is born at home or at the hospital, the physician, midwife, or other attendant must report the birth to the local or state registrar. The report becomes a permanent record, and a certificate is issued to the parents. If a child dies during birth, an immediate report and certification of the birth and death are required, containing a statement of the cause of death.
birth control the concept of limiting the size of families by measures designed to prevent conception. The movement of that name began in modern times as a humanitarian reform to conserve the health of mothers and the welfare of children, especially among the poor. More recently it has been superseded by the term family planning, which means planning the arrival of children to correspond with the desire and resources of the married couple. See also contraception.
multiple birth the birth of two or more offspring produced in the same gestation period.
premature birth (preterm birth) expulsion of the fetus from the uterus before termination of the normal gestation period, but after independent existence has become possible; defined as birth occurring before 37 completed weeks (295 days), counting from the first day of the last normal menstrual period. Approximately 6 to 8 per cent of all live births in the United States are premature, and premature births are the major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality.

pre·ma·ture birth

birth of an infant who has achieved a gestation of at least 20 weeks or birth weight of at least 500 g, but before 37 weeks' gestation.

premature birth

n.
The birth of an infant after the period of viability but before full term.

pre·ma·ture birth

(prē'mă-chŭr' bĭrth)
Birth of an infant after viability has been achieved with gestation of at least 20 weeks or birth weight of at least 500 g, but before 37 weeks.

pre·ma·ture birth

(prē'mă-chŭr' bĭrth)
Birth of an infant after viability has been achieved with gestation of at least 20 weeks or birth weight of at least 500 g, but before 37 weeks.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Ultimately, we hope this review will make a real contribution to the evidence base we need to reduce premature births, which continue to be one of the most pressing and intractable maternal and child health problems in every country around the world."
Since shepherding this legislation into law in 2006, the PREEMIE Act has helped researchers and doctors identify the causes of premature births and work to prevent them.
According to scientists from Imperial College London, roughly 30,000 premature births in which a baby arrives at least three weeks early are a result of treatable infections.
Parents of Preemies Day was a natural extension of their mission to create a world where no parent goes through the premature birth journey alone.
With a high mortality rate associated with extremely preterm births, the World Health Organisation estimates that 75 per cent of deaths related to premature births could be eradicated through cost-effect interventions.
The report card shows "that there is an unfair burden of premature birth among specific racial and ethnic groups as well as geographic areas," Jennifer L.
There are many causes for premature birth: Teenage Pregnancy; Home Deliveries, Unhygienic deliveries; Multiple pregnancy, Fetal development, lifestyle factors, previous gynecological history etc and many other.
Premature birth, defined as birth before 37 weeks, is the leading cause of death and illness in newborns and is associated with an increased risk of major long-term complications.
The report, The Impact of Premature Birth on Mathematics Achievement and Schooling, has been launched at the Nuf-field Foundation who also funded it.
"Pre-term or premature birth is the first cause of infant mortality in the world, with 45 to 50pc of deaths falling in this group," said Dr Al Manea.
Ankum found that D&Cs performed for abortion or miscarriage increase the risk of a subsequent premature birth (under 37 weeks) by 29%, and the risk of very premature birth (under 32 weeks) by 69%.
This study from France was conducted to clarify the relationship between the mother's post-traumatic reaction triggered by premature birth and the mother-infant interactions.