prelingual deafness


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Related to prelingual deafness: postlingual hearing loss, postlingual deafness

pre·lin·gual deaf·ness

hearing impairment occurring before development of speech and language skills.
Hearing loss that precedes the onset of speech or learning spoken language; it is severe, stable, and less common than post-lingual hearing loss.
Aetiology Prelingual hearing loss is largely inherited: 50% are monogenic, 75% are autosomal recessive; 20%, autosomal dominant; 5%, X-linked recessive; the rest are caused by perinatal factors, infections in infancy or trauma

prelingual deafness

Hearing impairment that is present in infancy and childhood, before language skills are acquired.
See also: deafness
References in periodicals archive ?
Spectrum and frequencies of mutations in the GJB2 (Cx26) gene among 156 Czech patients with prelingual deafness.
This article presented a review of the literature on the efficacy of cochlear implants with young children with prelingual deafness.
There were no statistically significant associations between prelingual deafness and the other health care utilization variables.