prehypertension


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prehypertension

A borderline health state of increased blood pressure (BP) that falls short of the measurable parameters at which surveillance and/or therapy would be required based on evidence-based guidelines, defined by the Joint National Committee report as a systolic BP between 120 and 139 mm Hg, and/or a diastolic BP between 80 and 89 mm Hg. BP greater than the above values is considered hypertension.

pre·hy·per·ten·sion

(prē-hī'pĕr-ten'shŭn)
Classification from The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure for blood pressure systolic reading of 120-139 mmHg and diastolic reading of 80-89 mmHg. Blood pressure in this range warrants management to prevent progression to hypertension.

prehypertension

(prē″hī″pĕr-ten′chĭn) [ pre- + hypertension]
Having a systolic blood pressure between 120 and 139 mm Hg and/or a diastolic blood pressure between 80 and 89 mm Hg. People with prehypertension have an increased risk for strokes, heart attacks, and kidney failure relative to individuals whose blood pressure is below 120/80.
References in periodicals archive ?
The goal is to be able to predict when white coat and prehypertension will progress to hypertension.
It is possible that children with initially normal ABP may progress to hypertension or prehypertension, or that those with initial prehypertension or hyperten sion may be normal on repeat," lead investigator Coral Hanevold, MD, said at the joint scientific sessions of the American Heart Association Council on Hypertension, AHA Council on Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease, and American Society of Hypertension.
Experts recommend addressing prehypertension with lifestyle measures designed to lower blood pressure, such as getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, reducing salt consumption, and adhering to a low-calorie diet with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, low-fat dairy, whole grains, lean meats, legumes and nuts.
Epidemiological study on the effect of prehypertension and family history of hypertension on cardiac autonomic function.
Prehypertension also affected whites more, increasing the risk by 35%, compared with a nonsignificant 17% for blacks.
Physicians often prescribe diet and exercise as first-line therapy to lower blood pressure in patients with prehypertension and mild hypertension.
Persons studied were grouped into controlled hypertension, normal BP, prehypertension Grade 1, and Grade 2 hypertensions, according to the new classification of BP (JNC 7).
The researchers of this study have subsequently called on clinicians to prescribe vegetarian diets to prevent hypertension and prehypertension.
Using JNC VII guidelines, individuals with a systolic blood pressure of 120-139 mmHg or a diastolic blood pressure of 80-89 mmHg[9] were classed as having prehypertension.
Presenting with Rapid Weight Gain, Hypothyroidism, and Prehypertension Fasting 1 Hr 2 Hrs 3 Hrs Insulin 5.