From the vantage of today (sometime after the age of Modernity), it is clear that the New Testament's understanding of the Old Testament is precritical
For example, Watts, Griffith, and Abdul-Adil's (1999) five-stage (Acritical, Adaptive, Precritical
, Critical, and Liberation) model describes the process of sociopolitical development among lower SES adolescents of color.
And as for Cultural Studies: Spivak pronounces this discipline to be nothing more than "plot summary masquerading as analysis of representation," and "character analysis by a precritical
model of motivation or an unearned psychoanalytic vocabulary" (19).
In an interview in 1991 Dorfman explains that media culture closes the universe and presents a distorted image of the world, one that keeps the reader in the position of naive and precritical
child (Incledon 100).
In general, Elliott's opponents, and the average Baptist for that matter, embraced a precritical
hermeneutic and interpreted the Scripture in a strictly literal fashion.
This will be followed by precritical
testing for several days.
This task is important because some of the recent secondary literature on Hegel appears to suggest a false alternative: either Hegel follows Kant's distinction between the natural realm of necessity and the realm of human freedom, or he returns to a precritical
rationalist monism wherein nature is nothing but an emanation of the Idea.
Hodgson reiterates that these widespread reading practices do violence to the work of these philosophers in the service of making it palatable to fashionable secular thought: "Theology is identified with metaphysics, or, more precisely, precritical
For example, before presenting his own well-balanced view of what we can and cannot know about the emergence and development of early rabbinic Judaism, Lapin sets out the larger problems of using rabbinic literature in the writing of history; he demarcates the precritical
approach to the writing of this history--still (unfortunately) found in many works (including, he correctly notes, the new edition of the Encyclopedia Judaica)--from today's generally more critical approaches, which Lapin's own work exemplifies.
His Balance of Truth provides an apologetic comparison of the doctrines of the Bible and the Qur'an, of Christianity and Islam, based on a precritical
acceptance of biblical authority.
The presumption of unity was, of course, generally shared by precritical
exegetes of the Song, and must have facilitated their imaginative appropriation (and obliteration
readers of the Bible tried to fit their own lives into this structured procession within which events unfolded, in part by the figurative reading mentioned, and in part by changing their characters and their hearts to conform with the overall narrative pattern.