The causes of PPH were as follows: postpartum atony
in 212 patients, placental invasion anomalies in 81 patients, a uterine rupture in 7 patients, severe retroperitoneal hematoma secondary to lower genital tract injury in 8 patients, and uterine inversion in 2 patients.
Oxytocin, commonly used to prevent postpartum atony
and haemorrhage, continues to generate controversy among anaesthetists and obstetricians caring for women having caesarean sections.
Uterine rupture, postpartum atony
, vaginal lacerations, and bladder atony are among the potential problems.