Surgical trauma and subsequent manipulation in patients with zygomatic complex fractures can lead to a significant degree of tissue edema and pain, manifested postoperatively
. Application of local cold to the area of surgery and administration of analgesics is a common and beneficial practice among the Oral and maxillofacial surgeons19.
Mean pain score at 12 hours postoperatively
in group A and group B were 3.01 +- 2.55 vs 6.04 +- 2.74 (p<0.05).
The advantages of this method are that only one incision was needed and there was no deformity of the tragus postoperatively
. To our knowledge, this surgical technique has not been reported previously.
(a) Caudocranial radiograph of the owl described in Figure 1 at day 25 postoperatively
. Periosteal callus is visible at the fracture site.
Two hours postoperatively
, the resting/dynamic VAS scores were 0/1.
In Case 1, the active range of elbow flexion increased from 80[degrees] to 140[degrees] at six to ten months postoperatively
. The strength of elbow flexion increased from MMT 2 to 4, and the strength of the antagonist muscles of wrist extensor muscle also increased from MMT 4 to 5.
Radiation may be administered preoperatively or postoperatively
and targets osteoblast differentiation.
Mean visual acuity assessed by Snellen chart was 0.60[+ or -]0.34 preoperatively and 0.64[+ or -]0.32 postoperatively
The position of the NAC immediately postoperatively
was measured and recorded.
All patients received the same medications postoperatively
and had the same treatment plan, which was gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution 0.3% (ZYMAR, Allergan, Weston, FL, USA) and prednisolone acetate ophthalmic suspension USP 1% (PRED FORTE, Allergan) for 1 week postoperatively
, lubricant eye drops (REFRESH TEARS, Allergan) for 3 weeks postoperatively
, and fluorometholone ophthalmic solution (FML, Allergan) for 6 weeks postoperatively
starting from the fourth postoperative week as a replacement for prednisolone acetate for 3 months.
Urinary dopamine decreased from 6988 [micro]g/day preoperatively to 180 [micro]g/day (0-250) postoperatively
. Normetanephrines and metanephrines did not have a significant change.
Figure 2: Line chart showing mean average flow rate (ml/sec) preoperatively, 3 weeks postoperatively
and 3 months postoperatively
in TURP and open prostatectomy groups.