The effects of intrauterine environmental conditions affect further stages of postnatal life
and ultimately determine the functional value of pigs and their reproductive performance.
The majority of myelin is assembled during the first years of postnatal life
.  Peripheral nerve myelination begins about the 15th week of gestation  and continues throughout the first 2 to 5 years of life.
An early presentation in the postnatal life
, a high incarceration rate, and the diagnostic difficulty of uncomplicated cases lead to infantile morbidity.
although our genetic heritage determines the overall framework for human brain development, the specific growth of synaptic connections within each individual brain depends mainly on postnatal life
This condition is incompatible with postnatal life
. Hb H and Hb Barts can be identified in hemoglobin evaluations and play a role in postnatal diagnosis of alpha thalassemia.
The delicate spatiotemporal alteration of base modifications constitutes an integral part of controlling mechanisms of self-renewal, ensure quiescence, proliferation, and differentiation, which is critical for ensuring successful development and maintaining postnatal life
Lung development in mammals is initiated at embryogenesis (in rats begins about day 13, 13E); it continues through fetal development, and it is completed at postnatal life
, from P7 to P21 in rats .
Gestational diabetes induced neuronal loss in CA1 and CA3 subfields of rat hippocampus in early postnatal life
. Folia Morphol.
2003), we also tested whether continued oral Mn exposure throughout postnatal life
exacerbated the effects of the early postnatal exposure.
It was not possible for us to determine for each single case whether maternal or fetal factors played a role in the development of IUGR, as well as the role played by genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors, or likely the complex combination of multiple factors on the catch-up growth and outcome during the postnatal life
An early-onset GBS sepsis episode was defined based on positive blood cultures in the first 72 h of postnatal life
. Blood cultures for all newborn infants with suspected sepsis were performed by an automated system (Vitek 2 system BioMerieux, France).