postmortem


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postmortem

 [pōst-mor´tem]
performed or occurring after death.

Care of the body after death (postmortem care) is an essential component of the total care of the patient and surviving family members and friends. Specific policies and procedures for postmortem care are a matter of agency policy, local customs, and cultural and religious ritual.

Physical care of the body is based on certain changes that take place at a fairly predictable rate, depending on body temperature at the time of death, and environmental temperature once death has taken place. The size of the body and the presence or absence of bacterial infection also influence these changes.

Rigor mortis is the first of these changes after cessation of circulation and respiration. Within two to four hours after death depletion of glycogen stores prevents synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Without ATP the muscle fibers do not relax, resulting in rigid contraction of the fibers and immobilization of the joints. The rigor first occurs in the involuntary muscles and then involves the voluntary musculature, starting with the head and neck and descending gradually to the trunk and lower extremities. The process usually takes about 45 hours and continues for about 96 hours.

Another noticeable change is cooling of the body, which occurs rather rapidly once circulation stops and the heat-regulating center in the brain no longer is functioning. This postmortem loss of body heat is called algor mortis.

Decomposition of the tissues begins almost as soon as blood supply stops. With the breakdown of hemoglobin, discoloration, or livor mortis, appears as mottled, reddened areas that can be mistaken for bruises, particularly in the extremities or other parts of the body where there is pooling of blood. As deterioration of tissues continues and bacterial fermentation occurs, the tissues soften and then liquefy. Refrigeration or some other method of cooling the body inhibits this process.

post·mor·tem (PM),

(pōst-mōr'tĕm),
1. Pertaining to or occurring during the period after death.
See also: autopsy (1).
2. Postmortem examination.
See also: autopsy (1).
[post- + L. acc. case of mors (mort-), death]

postmortem

/post·mor·tem/ (pōst-mort´im) performed or occurring after death.

postmortem

(pōst-môr′təm)
adj.
1. Occurring or done after death.
2. Of or relating to a medical examination of a dead body.
n.
1. See autopsy.
2. Informal An analysis or review of a finished event.

post mor′tem adv.

postmortem

[môr′təm]
Etymology: L, post + mors, death
adj, after death. See postmortem examination.

post·mor·tem

(pōst-mōr'tĕm)
1. Pertaining to or occurring during the period after death.
2. Colloquialism for autopsy (1).
[post- + L. acc. case of mors (mort-), death]

Postmortem

After death.
Mentioned in: Autopsy

postmortem

performed or occurring after death.

postmortem decomposition
changes that take place at a fairly predictable rate, depending on body temperature at the time of death, and environmental temperature once death has taken place. The size of the body and the presence or absence of bacterial infection also influence these changes.
Rigor mortis is the first of these changes after cessation of circulation and respiration. Within 2 to 4 hours after death depletion of glycogen stores prevents synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Without ATP the muscle fibers do not relax, resulting in rigid contraction of the fibers and immobilization of the joints. The rigor first occurs in the involuntary muscles and then involves the voluntary musculature, starting with the head and neck and descending gradually to the trunk and lower extremities. The process usually takes about 45 hours and continues for about 96 hours.
Another noticeable change is cooling of the body, which occurs rather rapidly once circulation stops and the heat-regulating center in the brain no longer is functioning. This postmortem loss of body heat is called algor mortis.
Decomposition of the tissues begins almost as soon as blood supply stops. With the breakdown of hemoglobin, discoloration, or livor mortis, appears as mottled, reddened areas that can be mistaken for bruises, particularly in the extremities or other parts of the body where there is a pooling of blood. As deterioration of tissues continues and bacterial fermentation occurs the tissues soften and then liquefy. Refrigeration or some other method of cooling the body inhibits this process.
postmortem examination
a careful dissection of a cadaver with the objective of deciding the cause of death. Called also autopsy or necropsy examination.
postmortem inspection
that part of a meat inspection or food inspection at an abattoir that is conducted after the animal has been killed and dressed. Supplements the antemortem examination.
postmortem report
a detailed report of a postmortem examination of a cadaver, including a complete identification of the animal, the body condition, age, sex, species, breed, parity and the changes observed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Antemortem injection of HAT inhibitor II diminished AICAR induced an increase in postmortem glycolysis.
However the fact the body had remained exposed to the sun, including when it was covered with a sheet and towel, several hours after death, could explain such a high postmortem temperature.
Health care workers, largely nurses, face many challenges in providing postmortem care.
But Soni says that the California judge and a New York judge in an earlier case both ruled that the Indiana and Washington statutes only apply to anyone whose postmortem rights are protected by some other state, but don't apply to celebrities whose home states have no such protection.
Thus, an individual may have a number of what appear to be bloodless postmortem injuries, which actually are antemortem or agonal and the cause of the person's demise.
La consulta postmortem permite el analisis de las condiciones que llevaron a la muerte a una persona y a traves de estos ejercicios de evaluacion, se puede mejorar el conocimiento, posponer la muerte y preservar la calidad de vida en los futuros enfermos.
The basic problem with performing postmortem sperm retrieval is that there is no legal precedent for this procedure.
Five children had fatty livers at the time of autopsy; this finding is used occasionally to identify children for whom postmortem screening for these diseases is required.
Furthermore, to determine whether these changes in dialysate DA concentrations provide a more sensitive index of altered DA function than do changes in postmortem tissue DA concentrations, we measured striatal tissue DA concentrations in male rats of the same age, exposed to PCBs for identical periods of time.
Det Sgt Iain Grant, from Chace Avenue CID, said: "A man has been helping us with our inquiries and has been released pending the results of the postmortem.
291)], however, there has been a series of judicial decisions addressing whether postmortem events have an effect on deductions from the gross estate.
Typical autopsy or postmortem investigations of unexplained sudden deaths in infants include clinical and forensic information, such as reports from pathology, toxicology, microbiology, site investigations as to manner of death, and family history.