USA guidelines recommend routine cranial ultrasound screening at 7-14 days of age in all infants with a gestational age <30 weeks, which should ideally be repeated at 36-40 weeks postmenstrual
We have not found a significant difference in cortisol levels from premenstrual to postmenstrual
In our patient, stage 3 ROP was detected nasally in zone 2 with pre-plus disease using a binocular indirect ophthalmoscope at postmenstrual
age of 41 weeks.
Inclusion criteria were availability of complete data for infants at >34 weeks' postmenstrual
age (PMA) who were on [O.sub.2]IT for > 14 days with CLD of any cause .
Abbreviations [sup.1]H-NMR: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy AUC: Area under the curve BPD: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia BW: Birth weight cGM: Cortical grey matter dGM: Deep grey matter GA: Gestational age IVH: Intraventricular hemorrhage MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging NEC: Necrotizing enterocolitis NICU: Neonatal intensive care units ROC: Receiver-operating characteristic ROP: Retinopathy of prematurity PCA: Principal component analysis PDA: Patent ductus arteriosus PMA: Postmenstrual
age PLSDA: Partial least square discriminant analysis SE: Sensitivity SP: Specificity TEA: Term equivalent age.
Medical records were collected in each treatment group for birth history data, including gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW), and postmenstrual
age (PMA) at IVI.
More than 85% of all NEC cases occur in very premature (<32 weeks of postmenstrual
age) and particularly in the extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates .
Randomized controlled masked trials enrolling almost 5000 very preterm babies have shown that, once patients are stable, keeping higher oxygen saturation targets (91-95%) until 36 weeks' postmenstrual
age showed no differences in the combined outcome of mortality or severe disability compared to lower targets (85-89%); however, mortality before 18 to 24 months was higher in the lower-target group.
Interestingly, increases and decreases in anterior-medial OFC activity were found respectively in the premenstrual phase and in the postmenstrual
phase during the recognition of negative vs.
age and CYP2D6 polymorphisms determine tramadol O-demethylation in critically ill neonates and infants.
Secondary outcomes include the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (requirement for supplemental oxygen and/or respiratory support at 36 weeks' postmenstrual
age (PMA) for infants born at less than 32 weeks' gestational age or at 28 days of age for infants born at 32 weeks' gestational age or later), pneumothorax, severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH, Papile's grade 3 or 4), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), nasal trauma, time until full feeds (when full enteral feeding was achieved [greater than or equal to] 120 mL/kg per day), late-onset sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and length of stay.