Her medical history was significant for anxiety, depression with multiple suicide attempts, postconcussive syndrome
, chronic migraines, and previous diagnosis of complex regional pain syndrome of the lower extremities.
After the injury, he was followed by an outpatient neurologist for postconcussive syndrome
. A brain MRI was ordered three months after TBI, which showed signs of mild white matter small vessel ischemic changes, but no other significant findings.
In cases where TBI does not directly injure the visual pathways, photosensitivity may not exist as a function of postconcussive syndrome
. Rather, it may be a function of posttraumatic migraine.
In summary, it is notable that there are a host of issues at work in TBI, such as postconcussive syndrome
, posttraumatic headaches, and ineffective communication between primary care providers and specialists.
However, there is a subset of patients whose symptoms persist into what has been loosely defined as postconcussive syndrome
. These individuals tend to be the greatest challenge for clinicians, and usually benefit from a multidisciplinary team approach, including neurologists, neuropsychologists, physical therapists, and speech pathologists.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the subsequent experience of postconcussive syndrome
have been referred to as signature injuries among combat veterans involved in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF).
This supplement to recommended texts in the field presents 38 case studies of common syndromes, e.g, post-stroke depression, frontotemporal dementia, and postconcussive syndrome
after mild traumatic brain injury, that illustrate their human impact and the science informing treatment.
Also discuss the possibility of postconcussive syndrome
and the risk of rare sequelae such as second impact syndrome.
Such an injury poses a risk for short-term symptoms including headache and difficulty with balance, thinking, concentrating, and sleeping, and may lead to long-term symptoms categorized as postconcussive syndrome
, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
are informed about a postconcussive syndrome
and persistent problems emerging from mild traumatic brain injury, a new syndrome could arise from the current conflict in which soldiers attribute a range of common stress reactions to the effects of brain injury.
A normal study does not exclude the diagnosis of postconcussive syndrome
. Conversely, given the variety of findings in normal, noninjured individuals, it is difficult to determine with certainty if an atypical wave form represents true pathology.(17)
Persisting symptoms after mild head injury: A review of the postconcussive syndrome
. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 8, 323-346.