* Crowdsourced peer review, in which anyone can comment on a manuscript (before publication) or once it has been published (post-publication review
), lends transparency.
Additionally, researchers are being encouraged to pre-register their studies, and the scientific community is being prodded to shift its focus away from pre-publication peer review and toward post-publication review
. Ioannidis notes that several of these practices have started to catch on.
Yes, these post-publication review
platforms are designed for conversational back and forth, but they are also visibility arbiters.
Although "post-publication review
" is here to stay, the initial gatekeepers should always be the first line of defense against bad science--especially when the journal in question carries the mantle of the entire Scientific enterprise.
This case highlights that transparency, access to original data and post-publication review
are important to increase the probability that scientific methods and results are valid and well interpreted.
A novel departure from the traditional peer-review process is post-publication review
, where the manuscript is placed online with minimal editing (Ware 2008).
A second aspect of formalising academic discussion on social media, particularly on blogs and on Twitter, is using these as tools for post-publication review
Other approaches include double-blind reviews, open reviews, and post-publication reviews
. Only 25% of those surveyed preferred the single-blind review process; 56% preferred double-blind reviews, 13% favored open review, and 5% supported post-publication review
Only 13% and 5%, respectively, favored open or post-publication review
. Nonetheless, post-publication review
is seen as a useful supplement to formal peer review.
An interesting development is the post-publication review
whereby articles are published as received and then voted on for publication in a more prestigious electronic archive (Nadasdy, 1997).
A flurry of academic critiques ensued--what has come to be known as "post-publication review