position sense


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sense

 [sens]
1. a faculty by which the conditions or properties of things are perceived. Five major senses were traditionally considered: vision, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. In addition, equilibrium, hunger, thirst, malaise, pain, and other types of senses have been distinguished. The operation of all senses involves the reception of stimuli by sense organs, each of which is sensitive to a particular kind of stimulus. The eyes are sensitive to light; the ears, to sound; the olfactory organs, to odor; and the taste buds, to taste. Various sense organs of the skin and other tissues are sensitive to touch, pain, temperature, and other sensations. On receiving stimuli, the sense organ translates them into nerve impulses that are transmitted along the sensory nerves to the brain. In the cerebral cortex, the impulses are interpreted, or perceived, as sensations. The brain associates them with other information, acts upon them, and stores them as memory. See also nervous system and brain.
2. pertaining to the sense strand of a nucleic acid.
sense of equilibrium the sense of maintenance of or divergence from an upright position, controlled by receptors in the vestibule of the ear.
kinesthetic sense muscle sense.
light sense the faculty by which degrees of brilliancy are distinguished.
muscle sense (muscular sense) the faculty by which muscular movements are perceived.
pain sense nociception.
position sense (posture sense) a variety of muscular sense by which the position or attitude of the body or its parts is perceived.
pressure sense the faculty by which pressure upon the surface of the body is perceived.
sixth sense the general feeling of consciousness of the entire body; cenesthesia.
somatic s's senses other than the special senses; these include touch, kinesthesia, nociception, pressure sense, temperature sense, and muscle sense, among others.
space sense the faculty by which relative positions and relations of objects in space are perceived.
special s's the senses of vision, hearing, taste, and smell; equilibrium is sometimes considered a special sense, but touch usually is not. See also somatic senses.
stereognostic sense the sense by which form and solidity are perceived.
temperature sense the ability to recognize differences in temperature; called also thermesthesia.

pos·ture sense

the ability to recognize the position in which a limb is passively placed, with the eyes closed.
Synonym(s): position sense

pos·ture sense

(pos'chŭr sens)
The ability to recognize the position in which a limb is passively placed, with the eyes closed.
Synonym(s): position sense.
References in periodicals archive ?
Subsequently, our patient had symptoms of posterior and lateral column involvement, with loss of vibration and position sense which was more prominent in the legs.
First, in a non-fatigued state, position sense and motion sense were measured in a counterbalanced order.
The measurement of position sense was based on former studies.
We employed Dunnett's test for multiple comparison of the joint position sense error between the control and intervention groups.
Joint Position Sense. In the control group, the mean absolute error of joint position sense was 1.4 [+ or -] 0.5[degrees] at 5[degrees], 1.2 [+ or -] 0.6[degrees] at 10[degrees], 1.4 [+ or -] 0.6[degrees] at 15[degrees], 1.4 [+ or -] 0.7[degrees] at 20[degrees], 1.5 [+ or -] 1.0[degrees] at 25[degrees], and 1.7 [+ or -] 0.7[degrees] at 30[degrees].
Since muscle spindles are stretch receptors, decreased afferent output of the sensory organs in the posterior compartment of the thigh should lead to a decrease in proprioception, in particular joint position sense, with movements into extension.
Cryotherapy before exercise may result in inadequate peripheral feedback on the position sense and may change biomechanic properties of the ankle joint.
Shoes diminished foot position sense in both young and elderly subjects, with the elderly showing the largest error in estimates when shod.
Joint position sense of the ankle was measured using a computerized isokinetic dynamometer (Cybex NORM[TM], CSMI, USA) at a 0.5[degrees]*[s.sup.-1] angular speed.
Neuroscientists think that position sense requires two distinct kinds of information.
Key words: Functional ankle instability, lateral ankle sprain, proprioception, joint position sense, constant error.
In addition to diminishing foot position sense, a loss or decline in function of the ankle muscle sensory receptors could thus predispose the individual to postural instability, which results in destabilisation and potential injury of the ankle joint (Robbins and Waked 1997).

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