poractant alfa[por-ak´tant al´fah]
poractant alfa/por·ac·tant al·fa/ (por-ak´tant al´fah) an extract of porcine lung surfactant used in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn.
a lung surfactant extract.
indication It is used in the treatment (rescue) of respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants.
contraindication None is currently known.
adverse effects Concurrent illnesses that have occurred during treatment with this drug include pulmonary air leaks, pulmonary interstitial emphysema, apnea, pulmonary hemorrhage, patent ductus arteriosus, intracranial hemorrhage, severe intracranial hemorrhage, necrotizing enterocolitis, posttreatment sepsis, and posttreatment infection. Adverse effects include bradycardia, oxygen desaturation, pallor, vasoconstriction, hypotension, and hypertension.