popliteal fossa


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Related to popliteal fossa: Popliteal cyst

fossa

 [fos´ah] (pl. fos´sae) (L.)
a trench or channel; in anatomy, a hollow or depressed area.
amygdaloid fossa the depression in which the tonsil is lodged.
cerebral fossa any of the depressions on the floor of the cranial cavity.
condylar fossa (condyloid fossa) either of two pits on the lateral portion of the occipital bone.
coronoid fossa a depression in the humerus for the coronoid process of the ulna.
cranial fossa any one of the three hollows (anterior, middle, and posterior) in the base of the cranium for the lobes of the brain.
digastric fossa a depression on the inner surface of the mandible, giving attachment to the anterior belly of the digastric muscle.
epigastric fossa
1. one in the epigastric region.
ethmoid fossa the groove in the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bones, for the olfactory bulb.
glenoid fossa mandibular fossa.
hyaloid fossa a depression in the front of the vitreous body, lodging the lens.
hypophyseal fossa a depression in the sphenoid lodging the pituitary gland; called also pituitary fossa.
iliac fossa a concave area occupying much of the inner surface of the ala of the ilium, especially anteriorly; from it arises the iliac muscle.
incisive fossa a slight depression on the anterior surface of the maxilla above the incisor teeth.
infraclavicular fossa the triangular region of the chest just below the clavicle, between the deltoid and pectoralis major muscles.
infratemporal fossa an irregularly shaped cavity medial or deep to the zygomatic arch.
interpeduncular fossa a depression on the inferior surface of the midbrain, between the two cerebral peduncles, the floor of which is the posterior perforated substance.
ischiorectal fossa a potential space between the pelvic diaphragm and the skin below it; an anterior recess extends a variable distance.
mandibular fossa a depression in the inferior surface of the pars squamosa of the temporal bone at the base of the zygomatic process, in which the condyle of the mandible rests; called also glenoid fossa.
mastoid fossa a small triangular area between the posterior wall of the external acoustic meatus and the posterior root of the zygomatic process of the temporal bone.
nasal fossa the portion of the nasal cavity anterior to the middle meatus.
navicular fossa
1. the lateral expansion of the urethra of the glans penis.
2. a depression on the internal pterygoid process of the sphenoid, giving attachment to the tensor veli palatini muscle.
fossa ova´lis cor´dis a fossa in the right atrium of the heart; the remains of the fetal foramen ovale.
fossa ova´lis fe´moris the depression in the fascia lata that is bridged by the cribriform fascia and perforated by the great saphenous vein.
ovarian fossa a shallow pouch on the posterior surface of the broad ligament of the uterus in which the ovary is located.
paravesical fossa the fossa formed by the peritoneum on each side of the urinary bladder.
pituitary fossa hypophyseal fossa.
popliteal fossa the hollow at the posterior part of the knee.
subarcuate fossa a depression in the posterior inner surface of the pars petrosa of the temporal bone.
subpyramidal fossa a depression on the internal wall of the middle ear.
subsigmoid fossa a fossa between the mesentery of the sigmoid flexure and that of the descending colon.
supraspinous fossa a depression above the spine of the scapula.
temporal fossa an area on the side of the cranium bounded posteriorly and superiorly by the temporal lines, anteriorly by the frontal and zygomatic bones, and laterally by the zygomatic arch, lodging the temporal muscle.
tibiofemoral fossa a space between the articular surfaces of the tibia and femur mesial or lateral to the inferior pole of the patella.
urachal fossa one on the inner abdominal wall, between the urachus and the hypogastric artery.
vestibular fossa (fossa of vestibule of vagina) the vaginal vestibule between the vaginal orifice and the fourchette (frenulum of pudendal labia). Called also navicular fossa.

pop·lit·e·al fos·sa

[TA]
the diamond-shaped space posterior to the knee joint bounded superficially by the diverging biceps femoris and semimembranosus muscles above and inferiorly by the two heads of the gastrocnemius muscle; deeply, the fossa is bound superiorly by the diverging supracondylar lines of the femur and the soleal line of the tibia inferiorly. Contents: tibial nerve, popliteal artery, vein, fat.

pop·lit·e·al fos·sa

(pop-lit'ē-ăl fos'ă) [TA]
The diamond-shaped space posterior to the knee joint bounded superficially by the diverging biceps femoris and semimembranosus muscles above and inferiorly by the two heads of the gastrocnemius muscle; deeply, the fossa is bounded superiorly by the diverging supracondylar lines of the femur and the soleal line of the tibia inferiorly. Contents: tibial nerve, popliteal artery, vein, fat.
References in periodicals archive ?
The abnormal anatomy of the popliteal fossa can produce continual compression of the popliteal artery, causing endothelial damage resulting in the formation of aneurysm, thrombosis, or embolism.
b) The diameter and thicknesses of tibial nerve in a site of the bifurcation, at popliteal fossa, and at the site of terminal division has been determined.
The clinical presentation masquerades as benign ganglion cyst of the popliteal fossa. The distinct histopathological pattern must be included in the differential diagnosis of myxoid soft tissue tumors, while the impact on tumor behavior remains unclear.
CPF = the center of the popliteal fossa, CPF/H = ratio of the center of the popliteal fossa per height, ATL = Achilles tendon length, ATL/H = ratio of Achilles tendon length per height, ATL/CPF = ratio of Achilles tendon length per the center of the popliteal fossa, ATT = Achilles tendon thickness Table 5.
The angle of insonation was standardised at 60 degrees to the popliteal vein at the level of the crease in the popliteal fossa. A variable Doppler sampling gate was used to accurately capture venous volume flow.
PAES is a partial or complete occlusion of the popliteal artery as a result of aberrant anatomy in the popliteal fossa. (2) The syndrome usually affects males younger than 30 years of age, with a male to female ratio of 15:1.
An ultrasound study was considered normal if the vein was completely compressed, and abnormal if the vein was incompressible or an occlusive clot was detected in target areas, including common femoral vein at the level of inguinal crease, superficial femoral vein superior to the adductor canal and popliteal vein in popliteal fossa. Compressibility of veins was evaluated in the transverse view.
Surgery of the left leg was performed via a posterior approach in the popliteal fossa according to the method of Trickey.
(2) This article describes the case of a 15 year old boy, with known HME, referred to the sarcoma MDT with a 9.5cm diameter mass in the popliteal fossa, confirmed by ultrasound as a delayed presentation of a pseudoaneurysm.
Peroneal study, recording extensor digitorum brevis and stimulating ankle, below fibular neck, and lateral popliteal fossa
Finally, the sciatic artery reaches the popliteal artery running through the popliteal fossa, lateral to the insertion of the adductor magnus muscle.4