pongid


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pongid

(pŏn′jĭd)
n.
1. Any of various apes of the subfamily Ponginae, which includes only the orangutans and their extinct relatives.
2. Any of various apes of the formerly recognized family Pongidae, which included the chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans. No longer in scientific use.
adjective Referring to the great—or anthropoid—apes, Pongidae
noun A great ape—e.g., chimpanzee, gibbon, gorilla, orangutan
References in periodicals archive ?
The early australopithecines, with a brain as large as that of a chimpanzee but with a body that was slighter, already had a larger brain-to-body ratio than any pongid then or since.
Thomas Huxley, in 1863, was the first to discuss the Neanderthal skull in evolutionary terms and he gave it a status similar to the one it has today, in the sense of being a primitive man but far removed from the pongid apes.
Their diet continued to consist mainly of fruit and seeds (still the main components of the human diet), with a sup-plement of insects and small animals, but the australopithecines' dentition was unlike that of the forest primates, lacking the large canines typical of male pongids. All the teeth were smaller and did not show diastemata, or gaps between the teeth.