pompholyx


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

pompholyx

 [pom´fo-liks]
an intensely pruritic skin eruption on the sides of the digits or on the palms and soles, consisting of small, discrete, round vesicles, accompanied by pruritus, a burning sensation, and excessive sweating. It is a self-limited condition usually lasting a few weeks.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

dys·hi·dro·sis

(dis-i-drō'sis),
A vesicular or vesicopustular eruption, of unknown cause, chiefly involving the volar surfaces of the hands and feet; self-limited but may be recurrent.
[dys- + G. hidrōs, sweat]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

pompholyx

Acute vesicular palmoplantar eczema A condition common in warm weather, characterized by intense pruritus, possibly psychogenic, related to ↑ autonomic nervous system activity, with crops of palmoplantar vesicles and bullae, which may evolve into eczema. See Factitious dermatitis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

pompholyx

(pom'fe-liks)
Enlarge picture
POMPHOLYX
A blistering itchy rash of the hands and feet, marked by episodic and recurring deep-seated vesicles or bullae. The rash is most often found in adolescents and young adults, esp. during spring and summer. Synonym: dyshidrosis; dyshidrotic eczema See: illustration

Etiology

Although the cause is unknown, emotional stress, an allergic predisposition, and fungal infections have each been associated with episodes of the rash.

Treatment

Burow's or permanganate solution and potent topical steroids sometimes are effective. The rash tends to appear less often as patients reach middle age.

illustration
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

pompholyx

A form of acute ECZEMA in which itchy blisters occur on the palms of the hands (cheiropompholyx) and/or on the soles of the feet (podopompholyx). The cause is usually inapparent but there may be an allergy. Astringent lotions or corticosteroid creams may help.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Still, handy hints are always worth passing on, so to pompholyx, eczema's viciously itchy, blistery sibling.
Patients of hand eczema were classified into morphological types: discoid eczema, pompholyx, fingertip eczema, dry palmar eczema, ring eczema, gut eczema, apron eczema, recurrent focal palmar peeling, hyperkeratotic palmar and patchy vesiculosquamous eczema.14
Table 3 Age ACD LSC STASIS DISCOID AD POMPHOLYX PRURIGO Group E E NODULARIS <15 -- -- -- 1 1 1 1 years 15-30 5 -- -- -- -- -- 1 31-45 8 3 2 1 -- -- -- 46-60 10 5 3 2 -- -- -- >60years 2 3 -- -- -- -- -- Total 25 11 5 4 1 1 2 The common eczemas in patients less than 15 years of age were atopic dermatitis, discoid eczema, pompholyx and prurigo nodularis.
The patients of pompholyx with positive patch test results can be advised to avoid these allergens.
Endogenous variety includes atopic seborrheic discoid pompholyx and hand eczema.
One case each of pompholyx psoriasis and leprosy reported to us.
Most common presentations were of discoid eczema and pompholyx. Next in frequency were fingertip and dry palmar type of eczema.
The condition predisposes to or worsens diseases like fungal infections, contact dermatitis, pompholyx and pitted keratolysis.
Atopic dermatitis has been reported as the most frequent eczema in all studies with variable figures.1-18 Other morphological forms of eczema in descending order were seborrheic dermatitis, pityriasis alba, infective eczema, napkin dermatitis, contact dermatitis, and pompholyx. All these types have been reported in variable frequencies in the previous studies.1-18 Genetic susceptibility, individual predisposition, and environmental allergens are the major determining factors in eczema.