This poem echoes the consciousness of racial polyvalency
expressed by Damas in Black-Label: "trois fleuves coulent dans mes veines" (three rivers flow in my veins).
As the emancipatory science of passion and discourse, psychoanalysis is "neutral" in as much as it "assumes" for each individual the omnipotentiality or polyvalency
of our eroticism (our body's "drive dispositions"), the plurivocality or polysemy of our articulations (our enunciations or utterances of thinking, feeling, speaking, and acting), and hence the polymorphous potentiality of our sexual/gender differentiations (cf.
While Le devoir de violence clearly draws upon the European avant-garde tradition of radicalized, "unstable irony,"(23) it also suggests, through its deployment of a plurality of voices and investment of polyvalency
within any given "voice," traditional West African connections between the heterogeneity and multidimensionality of language and a multiplicity of divine and natural forces that shape a complex, polyvocal reality.
The multidimensional analytical approach, then, is not an improvement of the heuristics of the model itself, but rather an instruction to the researcher of how to attain polyvalency
in the course of it being employed.
The appearance of three contrasting approaches in Rabelais's work is not of itself surprising, since the polyvalency
of his writing frequently leads either to frustration at the difficulty of arriving at definitive conclusions about his views or to a sense of liberation occasioned by the richness of interpretation which he offers.
to suppose that the intellectual condition defined by polyvalency
, indeterminacy, constructivism, differance, and the ideological critique of knowledge, represents a radical initiative of our own day, prefigured by a few heroic pioneers like Saussure and Nietzsche" (xii).
As such, they provide models of discursive polyvalency
without sacrificing an essential authority.
Judy Kronenfeld seeks to reexamine the assumptions about language which underpin both deconstruction and the various new historicisms, and to mediate between such concepts as infinitely regressive meaning, repressive hegemonic cultural codes, and unbounded polyvalency
He locates literary excellence in polyvalency
, consistency, originality, and self -referentiality These attract the sophisticated reader; Neuhaus's students at Bamberg, on the other hand, in their responses to questionnaires, seem often to confuse what they like and what they think they ought to like.
of language created by the interaction of readers with the text is, of course, the very aspect of language which keeps literature alive.
The claim for postmodernity is a relatively straightforward one and Travisano is persuasive, although his own readings of the poems tend to be biographically based rather than dependent on an acknowledgment of postmodern polyvalency
, and his emphasis on the poets' losses and elegies qualifies any sense of postmodern play in their work.