In spite of the general low support values, forcing monophyly of para- or polyphyletic
taxa had a slight to notably impact on the tree score.
migration operator and orthogonal learning aided biogeography-based optimization for dynamic economic dispatch with valve-point effects," Energy Conversion and Management, vol.
strains of Hepatitis E are responsible for sporadic cases of acute hepatitis in Japan.
Algae are a diverse group of photosynthetic organisms which are not closely related and hence are known to be polyphyletic
. They are plats which range from microalgae to macro algae.
Acacia nilotica was described in 1754, so, because the International Code of Nomenclature stipulates that if a genus is determined to be polyphyletic
Testate amoebae represent one of these groups, a polyphyletic
group of free-living protozoa, characterized by the ability to build shells (Adl et al., 2012), through which the pseudopodia protrude for locomotion or feeding (Porter & Knoll, 2000; Smith, Bobrov, & Lara, 2008).
The Opisthokonta was recovered as a polyphyletic
group, and inside it, Capsaspora sp.
nature of Apanteles Foerster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): a phylogeny and reclassification of Microgastrinae.
Sequence analyses of 28S rRNA gene D1/D2 region suggests Dacrymyces (Heterobasidiomycetes, Dacrymycetales) is polyphyletic
. Mycoscience, 48: 388394
Studies monitoring 16s rRNA has shown that the microorganism is polyphyletic
with high metabolic variability (Forster et al., 1997).
Although Hyphessobrycon is usually treated as a valid genus (Durbin in Eigenmann 1908, Eigenmann 1917, 1918, 1927, Gery 1977, Garcia-Alzate et al 2008a), it remains poorly defined and is polyphyletic
. No modern hypothesis of phylogenetic relationships exists for all species of the genus, and the characters traditionally used to define species have not been analyzed in a phylogenetic perspective, often leading to misinterpretation of those characters.
Molecular methods also do not exclude false negative.Phylogenetic analysis based on mitochondrial gene sequences placed Haemoproteus as polyphyletic
group in the same clade as Plasmodium .