polyneuropathy


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polyneuropathy

 [pol″e-noo͡-rop´ah-the]
a disease involving several nerves.
amyloid polyneuropathy polyneuropathy caused by amyloidosis; symptoms may include dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, carpal tunnel syndrome, and sensory disturbances in the extremities.
familial amyloid polyneuropathy autosomal dominant amyloid polyneuropathy occurring in hereditary amyloidosis; subtypes include Finnish type, Indiana type, Iowa type, and Portuguese type. The Finnish and Indiana types are slowly progressive, whereas in the Portuguese and Iowa types death may occur within 7 to 10 years.
erythredema polyneuropathy acrodynia.

pol·y·neu·rop·a·thy

(pol'ē-nū-rop'ă-thē),
1. A disease process involving a number of peripheral nerves (literal sense).
2. A nontraumatic generalized disorder of peripheral nerves, affecting the distal fibers most severely, with proximal shading (for example, the feet are affected sooner or more severely than the hands), and typically symmetrically; most often affects motor and sensory fibers almost equally, but can involve either one, either solely or very disproportionately; classified as axon degenerating (axonal), or demyelinating; many causes, particularly metabolic and toxic; familial or sporadic. Synonym(s): polyneuritis
[poly- + G. neuron, nerve, + pathos, disease]

polyneuropathy

(pŏl′ē-no͝o-rŏp′ə-thē)
n.
Neuropathy involving several peripheral nerves.

polyneuropathy

Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy, critical illness polyneuropathy, familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy, multiple neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy, polyneuritis, sensorimotor polyneuropathy Neurology The simultaneous inflammation of the motor and/or sensory components of 2 or more peripheral nerves. See Mononeuropathy.

pol·y·neu·rop·a·thy

(pol'ē-nūr-op'ă-thē)
1. A disease process involving a number of peripheral nerves (literal sense).
2. A nontraumatic generalized disorder of peripheral nerves, affecting the distal fibers most severely, with proximal shading (e.g., the feet are affected sooner or more severely than the hands), and typically symmetrically; most often affects motor and sensory fibers almost equally, but can involve either one solely or very disproportionately; classified as axon degenerating (axonal) or demyelinating; many causes, particularly metabolic and toxic; familial or sporadic in nature.
Synonym(s): polyneuritis.
3. Synonym(s): acrodynia (2) . Synonym(s): multiple neuritis.
[poly- + G. neuron, nerve, + pathos, disease]

pol·y·neu·rop·a·thy

(pol'ē-nūr-op'ă-thē)
1. Disease process involving several peripheral nerves (literal sense).
2. Nontraumatic generalized disorder of peripheral nerves, affecting distal fibers most severely, with proximal shading.
[poly- + G. neuron, nerve, + pathos, disease]
References in periodicals archive ?
MRFR's study of the global chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy includes identification and analysis of the various market participants competing in the global market.
The statement of "acute immune-mediated or inflammatory polyneuropathy" primarily connotes GBS to the clinician.
In literature, patients affected by motor polyneuropathy, with some components of sensory manifestations have been reported, although there are also cases in which the first episodes are sensory, and subseguently, after a repeated administration of the drug, the classical variant of the Guillain-Barre syndrome appears (3, 4, 7).
The number of diabetics having diabetic neuropathy is also increasing and it is estimated that approx 45% diabetics will develop diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN)3.
Mazzali-Verst, "Acute axonal polyneuropathy with predominant proximal involvement: an uncommon neurological complication of bariatric surgery," Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, vol.
Okamoto et al., "Long-term survival after liver transplantation in patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy," Neurology, vol.
Nerve conduction velocity assessment revealed a prolonged F wave and a motor-predominant axonal-type demyelinating polyneuropathy involving the median, ulnar, and peroneal nerves.
She was also complaining of "shaking chills." Nerve conduction assessment revealed axonal polyneuropathy. She was initially treated with amitriptyline and gabapentin with no improvement, and her symptoms continued to progress.
Considering that his polyneuropathy was due to SjS, he was treated with methylprednisolone (120mg/d) and IVIg for 3 days, and the dose of methylprednisolone was tapered to 60 mg/d.
Painful diabetic polyneuropathy: epidemiology, pain description, and quality of life.
Diabetic distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DPN) affects approximately one-third of diabetic patients and is associated with substantial morbidity including excruciating neuropathic pain and foot ulcers leading to amputation (Ziegler et al., 2008; Boulton et al., 2005).