polymorphonuclear


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polymorphonuclear

 [pol″e-mor″fo-noo´kle-ar]
having a nucleus so deeply lobed or so divided as to appear to be multiple; see under leukocyte.

pol·y·mor·pho·nu·cle·ar

(pol'ē-mōr'fō-nū'klē-ăr),
Having nuclei of varied forms; denoting a variety of leukocyte.
[G. polymorphos, multiform, + L. nucleus, kernel]

polymorphonuclear

(pŏl′ē-môr′fə-no͞o′klē-ər, -nyo͞o′-)
adj.
Having a lobed nucleus. Used especially of neutrophil white blood cells.
n.
A polymorphonuclear cell.

pol·y·mor·pho·nu·cle·ar

(pol'ē-mōr'fō-nū'klē-ăr)
Having nuclei of varied forms; denoting a variety of leukocyte.
[G. polymorphos, multiform, + L. nucleus, kernel]

polymorphonuclear

Having a lobed nucleus of varying lobe number or shape. The term is used of three classes of LEUKOCYTES, neutrophil, basophil and eosinophil.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, the improvement in polymorphonuclear leukocytes cells in AR has been described by Silva, et al.
The total cells were counted and the number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and lymphocytes was noted.
Previous studies showed that there was the change of cells in sputum of patients with acute asthma exacerbation having RV infection with a significant increase of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and eosinophils [2, 13].
The important pearl is that steroid-induced leukocytosis involves an increase of polymorphonuclear white blood cells with a rise in monocytes and a decrease in eosinophils and lymphocytes.
Alvarado Scoring system Component Score Symptoms Migration of pain 1 Anorexia 1 Nausea and/or vomiting 1 Signs Right lower quadrant tenderness 2 Rebound 1 Elevation of temperature [greater than or equal to]37.3[degrees]C 1 Laboratory Leukocytosis [greater than or equal to]10 x[10.sup.3]/[mm.sup.3] 2 Polymorphonuclear neutrophilia [greater than or equal to]75% 1 Total 10 Table 2.
Synovitis in SpA was notable for higher vascularity than that observed in RA, as well as more infiltration with CD163+ macrophages and polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes.
The lone exception was a hema-topoietic-specific miRNA, miR-223, which is abundantly expressed in polymorphonuclear lymphocytes (PMNs) and is associated with downregulation of acute inflammation and tissue remodeling.
The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) picture was consistent with acute bacterial meningitis (leukocyte count of 500/cmm, of which 90% polymorphonuclear cells, a CSF glucose level of 32 mg/dL at a serum glucose level of 150 mg/dL, and CSF proteins at 187 mg/dL).
The myeloperoxidase activity is used as a biochemical marker of polymorphonuclear leukocyte influx (mainly neutrophil) to the injured tissue.
Authors stated previous research that "Prostaglandin E2 is involved in the classic signs of inflammation and possesses both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory actions; thromboxane A2, formed by platelets, macrophages and polymorphonuclear leukocytes, can induce vasoconstriction and promotes aggregation of platelets as well as adhesiveness of polymorphonuclear neutrophils; leukotriene B4 (LTB4) can not only increase vascular permeability and enhance local blood flow by stimulating neutrophil secretion, but also stimulate other inflammatory substances."
CSF of the patients presented pleocytosis >5 cells/[mm.sup.3] (average value 64.2/ mm3) in 50 % of the cases, with predominance of mononuclear cells in 30 % (mean 39.1 %) and of polymorphonuclear cells in 20 %.
In smears of epithelioid granulomas with necrosis 34 (56.6%) cases showed lymphocytes, 1 (1.6%) case showed giant cells, 25 (14.6%) cases showed polymorphonuclear cells (neutrophils).

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